Un système de question-réponse dans le domaine médical : le système Esculape

Abstract : The medical domain has currently a very high volume of electronic documents facilitating the search of any medical information. However, the exploitation of this large quantity of data makes the search of specific information complex and time consuming. This difficulty has prompted the development of new adapted research tools, as question-answering systems. Indeed, this type of system allows a user to ask a question in natural language and send a specific answer to its request instead of a set of documents deemed pertinent, as is the case with search engines. The questions submitted to a question-answering system concern generally a type of object or a relationship between objects. In the case of a question such as "Who discovered America?" the object of question is a person. In more specific areas, such as the medical domain, the types are themselves more specific. The question "How to Search the hematuria?" waiting for an answer type medical examination. This dissertation studies the development of a question-answering system for physicians on good medical practices. This system will allow the doctor to consult a knowledge base when he is in consultation with a patient. Thus, we present an adapted research strategy to medical domain. Specifically, we will present a method for analyzing medical questions and the approach to find an answer to a submitted question. This approach consists to find an answer first in a medical ontology built from semantic resources available for the domain. If the answer is not found, the system applies linguistic patterns learned automatically to identify the answer in a collection of documents. The interest of our approach has been illustrated through the question answering system "Esculape" which has been the subject of an evaluation showing that the incorporation of explicit medical knowledge can improves the results of the different modules of the treatment processes
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Computer Science [cs]. Université Paris-Est, 2008. French. <NNT : 2008PEST0208>

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Mehdi Embarek. Un système de question-réponse dans le domaine médical : le système Esculape. Computer Science [cs]. Université Paris-Est, 2008. French. <NNT : 2008PEST0208>. <tel-00432052>




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