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PRINCIPES D'ASSISTANCE A LA MAITRISE D'OUVRAGE POUR LA MODELISATION ET L'INTEGRATION D'EXPERTISE

Abstract : Trade expertise integration is a major issue of new generations of product-lifecycle global-management systems. Project control of such integration has been hardened by knowledge management complexity increasing with the product complexity, the diversity of stakeholders and the lack of feedbacks during or at the end of such projects, past or present. These PhD works have been leaded in parallel with a case study on the USIQUICK project, which seeks an automation of process planning generation. This experience has also been compared to projects taking place in other service or industry fields. The contribution of this PhD propose a conceptual tool set, usable to prepare or during expertise integration projects. In early phases this tool set can be used to consolidate previous experiences and constitute analysis grids to take decision on methodologies to deploy. During the project, this methodological tool base underlines for project control some analysis criteria to evaluate the project dynamic. It allows the identification of modelling problems, the development preparation. In these two cases, it indicates possible representation locations from which could be constructed some performance indicators related to the project specificity. The methodological output for project control is constituted of the proposition and the analysis of four “pillars” or resources sustaining expertise modelling and integration (concept networks, specification lists, document corpus, management tools). These pillars are justifying a list of phases, describing modelling stakes (identification, extraction, structuring and formalisation phases) and integration issues (refinement, specification development, diffusion and maintenance phases). Combined with the analyses of initial and expected management maturity of expertise, these “pillars” and phases allows constituting a framework for feedback consolidation and project deployment. In parallel, three couples of concepts, syntax / semantic, infrastructure / architecture, domain / project, allows questioning and identifying potential problem zones in representation and considering resolutions axes. This contributes to bring closer epistemological systematism of knowledge management with empirical and pragmatic practice of learning. The consolidation of binds between these two aspects of expertise allows driving projects with real elements of knowledge and expertise.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00429650
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 3, 2009 - 5:25:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:39:36 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00429650, version 1

Citation

Alexandre Candlot. PRINCIPES D'ASSISTANCE A LA MAITRISE D'OUVRAGE POUR LA MODELISATION ET L'INTEGRATION D'EXPERTISE. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN), 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00429650⟩

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