Expressive image manipulations for a variety of visual representations

Adrien Bousseau 1
1 ARTIS - Acquisition, representation and transformations for image synthesis
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble
Abstract : Visual communication greatly benefits from the large variety of appearances that an image can take. By neglecting spurious details, simplified images focus the attention of an observer on the essential message to transmit. Stylized images, that depart from reality, can suggest subjective or imaginary information. More subtle variations, such as change of lighting in a photograph can also have a dramatic effect on the interpretation of the transmitted message. The goal of this thesis is to allow users to manipulate visual content and create images that corresponds to their communication intent. We propose a number of manipulations that modify, simplify or stylize images in order to improve their expressive power. We first present two methods to remove details in photographs and videos. The resulting simplification enhances the relevant structures of an image. We then introduce a novel vector primitive, called Diffusion Curves, that facilitates the creation of smooth color gradients and blur in vector graphics. The images created with diffusion curves contain complex image features that are hard to obtain with existing vector primitives. In the second part of this manuscript we propose two algorithms for the creation of stylized animations from 3D scenes and videos. The two methods produce animations with the 2D appearance of traditional media such as watercolor. Finally, we describe an approach to decompose the illumination and reflectance components of a photograph. We make this ill-posed problem tractable by propagating sparse user indications. This decomposition allows users to modify lighting or material in the depicted scene. The various image manipulations proposed in this dissertation facilitates the creation of a variety of visual representations, as illustrated by our results.
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Adrien Bousseau. Expressive image manipulations for a variety of visual representations. Human-Computer Interaction [cs.HC]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2009. English. ⟨tel-00429151⟩

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