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Diachronie en langue de spécialité. Définition d'une méthode linguistique outillée pour repérer l'évolution des connaissances en corpus. Un exemple appliqué au domaine spatial.

Abstract : This doctoral dissertation explores the question of the diachronic dimension in terminology using a tool-based approach applied to a diachronic corpus. This study focuses on a request from the French National Space Agency (Cnes) where both knowledge and technology necessarily evolve over the course of “long-term” space projects (approx. 20 yrs.). This phenomenon can be tricky and a source of difficulties, such as poor communication with new coming engineers who arrive during the project or unconscious modifications of the meaning or forms of terms, etc. Learning how to identify this evolution is therefore of prime importance. Our research aims at defining a linguistic method to track down knowledge evolution within texts. This aim allows us to structure a triple point of view: a theoretical one, a methodological one and an applied one. To do so, this doctoral dissertation presents a description of four linguistic cues which can be semi-automatically identified in corpora to observe evolution: frequency, contexts of evolution, variants and syntactic dependencies. The cues are studied in two diachronic corpora from the Cnes: one corpus made up of three editions of a course on optics and optoelectronics (1994-2002) and one technical corpus composed of specification reports from the DORIS project (1989-2000). This context makes it possible to offer theoretical and methodological paths in textual terminology to track down, study and characterize the evolution that is likely to appear in specialized fields, especially within an environment that has been very little explored, i.e. short-term diachrony. The approach developed in this study also sheds light on the interpretation of corpus data, firstly, by combining linguistic cues in order to build up a reliable interpretation (or even a diagnosis) of the evolution through linguistic cues; secondly, by reflecting on the place and role of the experts in analyses and by analyst-expert dialoguing as a driving force in the co-construction of interpretations.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00429061
Contributor : Aurélie Picton <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 30, 2009 - 4:46:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:50:55 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 6:50:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00429061, version 1

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Aurélie Picton. Diachronie en langue de spécialité. Définition d'une méthode linguistique outillée pour repérer l'évolution des connaissances en corpus. Un exemple appliqué au domaine spatial.. Linguistique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00429061⟩

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