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Deux paradigmes pour une rencontre manquée. Approches de la différence des sexes et leur mise en examen exploratoire en criminologie

Abstract : There are two sexes for two bodies. This is obvious. Nevertheless it appears that another version of the difference exists since antiquity. Two sexes for only one flesh, the woman is a reversed man. Two paradigms of reading of the difference, one referring to the galenic thesis where cosmology states a relative difference between the beings, the other building its argumentation on nature, and concluding with an absolute difference between the man and the woman. A history of the sexes, where the woman is built in relation to the man. From this first point, we will question the repetition of these two paradigms through various currents of thinking. First, in the history, by proposing a reading of the difference from antiquity to the 19th century. In the psychoanalysis, in observing three periods of development of the difference in the freudian theory. Lastly, we will see some sociological approaches and precisely the concept of gender. We will observe that several types of identities (political, ontological and ethical) are put in tension. In a fourth chapter, it is towards criminology and the theorization on women in this field that we will turn ourselves, in order to put to the test this question of the difference : is there a specificity in female criminality? Interrogation raising at the same time political and epistemological difficulties. Thus in conclusion, we will show on the one hand, that female criminality does not include women only, and on the other hand, that it is structurally impossible to pose a specificity of this criminality
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Cédric Le Bodic. Deux paradigmes pour une rencontre manquée. Approches de la différence des sexes et leur mise en examen exploratoire en criminologie. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Rennes 2, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00428527⟩

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