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L'entre-deux-guerres mathématique à travers les thèses soutenues en France

Abstract : To analyze the French mathematical research during the interwar period, I study the 242 theses in the mathematical sciences defended in France and more precisely the 203 ones defended in Paris. My approach operates at three different levels of analysis. The first level consists in a quantitative analysis of the corpus. The second one relies on the referee report and on some aspects of the theses (introduction, etc.). The third level is based on a detailed study of the thesis itself. The quantitative analysis concerns all 242 theses. Then I distinguish the theses defended at provincial universities and at the University of Paris. The analysis of the former sheds light on the mathematical life of four faculties (Strasbourg, Poitiers, Lyon and Montpellier) and their specificities. The second and the third level of my analysis are applied to specific domains and theses defended in Paris. Geometry, arithmetic and algebra, and function theory are analyzed at the second level of analysis, theses in complex function theory and in probability theory and statistics at the third one. These two levels display the central role of some mathematicians, like Élie Cartan, and allow us to rethink some trends in mathematical research in this period.
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Contributor : Juliette Leloup <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2009 - 9:55:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 9, 2020 - 3:17:16 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, October 16, 2012 - 12:45:17 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00426604, version 1


Juliette Leloup. L'entre-deux-guerres mathématique à travers les thèses soutenues en France. Mathématiques [math]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00426604⟩



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