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Activités de recherche et de preuve entre pairs à l'école élémentaire : perspectives ouvertes par les communautés de pratique d'enseignants

Abstract : This thesis is about research and proof activities between peers (RPP) in mathematics classrooms and about the ways of promoting their implementation at the end of the primary school. It is based on classical tools in mathematics education (Robert & Rogalski 2002). It is also enriched by the theory of communities of practice (CoP) (Wenger 1998) which is presented and discussed, and by the ergonomic approach of computer supported learning environments, whose use is enlarged to resources for teachers. The potentials of research, debate, resistance, dynamic and didactic resistance are defined to characterize more precisely RPP activities. A comparative analysis of existing experiments and teaching resources is presented, together with a literature study about the still limited exploitation of the theory of CoP in mathematics education. An experiment, held during 3 years and based on a teachers' CoP, has permitted to operationalize this theory in an original way (participation/reification, boundary objet, trajectory) with the goal of favouring evolutions of practice. Some open problems already experimented were presented to the teachers. Resource ergonomics was refined to solve the incompleteness paradox of resources concerning the quantity of information usable and acceptable by a teacher. The analyses developed show the interest of the proposed approach and possibilities for its optimization. They also show that the complexity of RPP activities can explain their limited diffusion within teachers' practices.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00426603
Contributor : Jean-Philippe Georget Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2009 - 9:44:58 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 3:11:22 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, October 16, 2012 - 12:45:10 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00426603, version 1

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Jean-Philippe Georget. Activités de recherche et de preuve entre pairs à l'école élémentaire : perspectives ouvertes par les communautés de pratique d'enseignants. Mathématiques [math]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00426603⟩

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