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Enclavement des espaces ruraux: approche géographique de l'ouverture/fermeture des villages kabyles

Hichem Yesguer 1
1 CIRTAI-IDEES - Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en transports et affaires internationales
IDEES - Identités et Différenciation de l'Environnement des Espaces et des Sociétés
Abstract : Rural spaces, where geographical, economic and politic factors are interlinked to generate complex situations, are places of many issues. In southern countries, rural spaces are often characterized by a scattered population and a relative lack of economic and administrative infrastructures. This leads to a forced link to urban agglomerations and dependence to the transportation system. The land locking concept, applied to rural spaces, is often reduced to accessibility problems raised by physical obstacles. Even if everyone agree that taking the transportation network into account when studying land locking is necessary, the complexity of this phenomenon implies that other factors bounded to space should also be included. This study provides an in depth analysis of the role to the transportation system in the opening / closure of spaces and societies. But it also aims to understand the role of cultural, historical and organizational factors in the land locking of rural spaces especially through the example of the wilaya of Tizi-Ouzou that included about 1400 villages in a mountain area. The fragile equilibrium of the kabyle spatial system is based on the quality of its transportation system: the problems faced by the later lead to a disequilibrium and worsen the marginalization and the land locking of its small agglomerations. This study aims to deepen the understanding of land locking phenomenon going beyond the traditional physical approaches. Through the analysis of an original space, the villages of the Grande Kabylie, we'll show the importance of organizational factors in the land locking phenomenon. This deepening of the land locking concept is also a contribution to the analysis of the issues of development of rural backward areas
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 24, 2009 - 1:11:43 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00426292, version 1

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Hichem Yesguer. Enclavement des espaces ruraux: approche géographique de l'ouverture/fermeture des villages kabyles. Géographie. Université du Havre, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00426292⟩

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