Les Ursidés au naturel et au figuré pendant la Préhistoire

Abstract : Rarely represented in the Paleolithic pictures, bears are yet one of the animal most similar to humans, because of their anatomy, ethology and stature. Beyond the requisite inventory of Upper Paleolithic bear representations, our work fits in the animalistic and naturalistic approach to the study of animals in prehistoric art, particularly developed for the National Museum of Natural History, France. For this we have studied and analyzed about 200 figures of rock art and portable art from all Europe. We also have made comparisons with rock art from Holocene times (from Asia, Northern Europe and U.S.A.).
This work conducted to find broad outlines of similarities, sometimes through time and space.
They bear « identification keys », that we have determined as a mean to identify the animal: massivity, roundness, head and ear shapes. We have also been interested in the realism of the representations as well as their thematic, topographic and archeological context.
More generally, we have wondered about the allegoric value possibly carried by the image. We now consider that some bear images may have carried such a sense but nothing can testimony of a specific spiritual or cultural role of the bear in the human cultures from Upper Paleolithic.
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Contributor : Elena Man-Estier <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 19, 2009 - 4:01:07 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 9, 2019 - 11:20:05 AM
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Elena Man-Estier. Les Ursidés au naturel et au figuré pendant la Préhistoire. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00425034⟩

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