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Étude des décisions chronogénétiques des enseignants dans l'enseignement de la physique au collège ; une étude de cas au Liban

Abstract : This empirical work focuses on teachers' chronogenetic decisions at lower secondary school. The context of observation is about a teacher teaching simultaneously two fifth grade classroom. We infer decision making from observations of classroom situations. We consider that a decision is made up of three components: the reasons of the decisions, its indicators and its resulting action. The procedure was to cut both teaching sequences into units of meaning (episodes). On this base we constructed a methodological tool enabling us, on the one hand, to link the microscopic scale of taught knowledge (order of seconds) with the mesoscopic scale (order of minutes) and macroscopic scale (order of hours) rebuilding, thus, the discourse consistency on the taught knowledge; on the other hand, to study the effect that transition from one classroom to another have on the restructuration of the teacher discourse (retro-interactive decisions). Our analysis produced a typology of chronogenetic decisions: the temporal decisions (to linger, to progress) and the articulation of taught knowledge decisions (to call, to announce, to advance, to recall, to resume, to postpone). It also enabled us to follow the progression of the knowledge negotiation during the sequence and to introduce the concepts of a didactic intention and a decision's narrative. We were able to highlight the similarities and differences between classroom practices. Finally, by the exhaustive cutting of the sequence into episodes, and the expert implementation of our methodology on Transana, we defined a model of discourse analysis in science education research.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00421770
Contributor : Zeynab Badreddine <>
Submitted on : Saturday, October 3, 2009 - 5:12:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:10:43 AM
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Zeynab Badreddine. Étude des décisions chronogénétiques des enseignants dans l'enseignement de la physique au collège ; une étude de cas au Liban. Education. Université Lumière - Lyon II; Université Libanaise, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00421770⟩

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