Du naturel du produit à la production de la nature. Les Agneaux de Parcours du Parc national des Cévennes, figure d'une protection de la nature négociée.

Abstract : This research focuses on one of the most achieved case of cooperation between a French national park (« Les Cévennes ») and sheep breeders producing lamb meat. This partnership is an experiment directly aligned with the numerous qualification systems of agricultural products which can be observed in French and Europe with the specificity of trying simultaneously to address the stakes of biodiversity management. We first show how this partnership fits with the evolution of the nature conservation policies in France, from a protection of a specific nature to sustainable development and biological diversity protection. We then analyse how and with what compromises such cooperation allows to conciliate, better than elsewhere, production and conservation. We finally analyse how this partnership is part of a consistent unity of strategic choices (low-input and low waste production systems, short circuits, limited collectivity) for small producers looking for autonomy and increased value added to the product of their work. The practical commitments of these sheep breeders are analysed through their persona land familial stories and through their production settings. We identify the tensions which permeate their logics and divide them in their organization and market choices. We debate the individual answers to these questions and their consequences on the group's dynamic.
This PhD aims to give an empirical test of the presently dominant speech on sustainable development. We question the follow up by the public administration of alternative types of agriculture and of producers' organizations. We propose some thoughts on the National Park issues, confronted nowadays to the necessity to invent new modes of governance of the nature and to find their place within the present perspective of sustainable development.
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Julien Blanc. Du naturel du produit à la production de la nature. Les Agneaux de Parcours du Parc national des Cévennes, figure d'une protection de la nature négociée.. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00418820⟩

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