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Valorisation économique de la biodiversité par les contrats de bioprospection et la filière huiles essentielles : le cas de Madagascar

Abstract : To resolve the problem of biodiversity decline, a branch of environmental economics, called “economics of biodiversity”, recommends resorting to market mechanisms. During the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, in Rio de Janeiro, June 1992, particularly through out the negotiations of the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD), idealization of trade and market for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity had a great influence on the decisions and choices of policy makers. Therefore, many developing countries decided to establish their development policies by combining trade and market, economic efficiency and biodiversity conservation. After signing and ratifying the CBD, Madagascar, a biodiversity hot spot and paradoxically one of the poorest countries in the world, gave top priority to merchandising its biodiversity. This thesis aims to analyze the benefits of those market mechanisms for local communities and to assess ecological impacts. Case studies in Madagascar, focused on the genetic resources and essential oil markets, are examined and discussed. The author argues that in order to achieve CBD goals, not only economic efficiency should be considered, but also by including the economic and ecological distribution.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00414079
Contributor : Vahinala Raharinirina-Douguet <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 7, 2009 - 5:13:47 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:01:58 AM
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Vahinala Raharinirina. Valorisation économique de la biodiversité par les contrats de bioprospection et la filière huiles essentielles : le cas de Madagascar. Economies et finances. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00414079⟩

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