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Des Galaxies Proches Aux Galaxies Lointaines: Etudes Cinématique et Dynamique

Abstract : Kinematical studies of low and high redshift galaxies enables to probe galaxy formation and evolution scenarios. Integral field spectroscopy is a powerful tool to study with accuracy nearby galaxies kinematics. Recent observations also gives a new 2D vision of high redshift galaxies kinematics. This work mostly relies on the kinematical sample of galaxies GHASP. This control sample, composed of 203 local spiral and irregular galaxies in low density environments observed with Fabry-Perot techniques in the Hα line (6563 Å), is by now the largest sample of Fabry-Perot data. After a revue on Fabry-Perot interferometry and a presentation of new data reduction procedures, my implications on both 3D-NTT Fabry-Perot instrument and the wide field spectrograph project (WFSpec) for galaxy evolution study with the european ELT are developed. The second section is dedicated to GHASP data. This sample have been fully reduced and analysed using new methods. The kinematical analysis of 2D kinematical maps has been undertaken with the study of the dark matter distribution, the rotation curves shape, bar signatures and the ionized gas velocity dispersion. In a third section, this local reference sample is used as a zero point for high redshift galaxies kinematical studies. The GHASP sample is projected at high redshift (z = 1.7) in order to disentangle evolution effects from distance biases in high redshift galaxies kinematical data observed with SINFONI, OSIRIS and GIRAFFE. The kinematical analysis of new SINFONI high redshift observations is also presented and high redshift data found in the literature are compared with GHASP projected sample, suggesting some evolution of the galaxy dynamical support within the ages.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00413769
Contributor : Benoît Epinat <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 15, 2009 - 1:51:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 3:10:22 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, November 26, 2016 - 12:50:36 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00413769, version 3

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Benoit Epinat. Des Galaxies Proches Aux Galaxies Lointaines: Etudes Cinématique et Dynamique. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00413769v3⟩

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