Abstract : The last decade has witnessed the appearance, in both north and south of the Mediterranean, of several institutions that carry in their names the word ‘observatory'. The introduction of these astronomical observations into the social sciences has called for a thorough investigation into the origins, theories and methodologies of these observatories. Such an investigation is at the origin of some substantial research into the interaction between these observatories, territorial intelligence and continuous development in the arid region of the Tunisian south. Accordingly, the changes and developments of rural society in the region of Menzel Habib, Gabes are complex and far-reaching. In front of the ever-expanding desertification and the continuous developmental recess in this arid region, what remains to be seen is the capacity of Menzel Habib Observatory to stimulate and value interaction between territories. This research argues that there is a discrepancy between the growth rates of this observation post and the role it assumes to link the different territorial actors. This research, conducted within the framework of the research program “Languages, Objects, Territories and Hospitalities (LOTH)”, argues that the content of continuous development and territorial intelligence should be linked to complete each other within local socio-economic and environmental projects of such observatories. However, this dynamic of development necessitates a sound data circulation, a firm process of participation, communication and mutual consultation. Thus, it is suggested to apply an adapted territorial intelligence process (ATIP) within a prospective approach of integration of the new susceptible attitudes as a basis for an upgraded rural governance.