L. A. Adamic, The Small World Web, Proceedings of the third european conference on research and advanced technology for digital libraries, pp.443-452, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-48155-9_27

R. Albert and A. L. Barabasi, Topology of Evolving Networks: Local Events and Universality, Physical Review Letters, vol.85, issue.24, pp.5234-5237, 2000.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.5234

R. Albert and A. Barabási, Statistical mechanics of complex networks. reviews of modern physics, pp.47-97, 2002.

R. Albert, A. Barbasi, and H. Jeong, Diameter of the world wide web, Nature, p.401, 1999.

L. A. Amaral, A. Scala, M. Barthélémy, and H. E. Stanley, Classes of small-world networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.97-11149, 2000.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.200327197

A. Barabási and R. Albert, Emergence of scaling in random networks, Science, vol.286, pp.509-512, 1999.

A. Barabási and Z. N. Oltvai, Network biology: understanding the cell's functional organization, Nature Reviews Genetics, vol.5, issue.2, pp.101-113, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/nrg1272

L. Barsalou, Perceptual symbol systems, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.22, issue.04, pp.577-660, 1999.
DOI : 10.1017/S0140525X99002149

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.601.93

L. Barsalou, K. Solomon, and L. Wu, Perceptual simulation in conceptual tasks, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, vol.152, pp.209-228, 1999.
DOI : 10.1075/cilt.152.15bar

R. Bartsch, . Mouton, and . Gruyter, Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast, pp.49-75, 2002.

J. Batali, Linguistic evolution through language acquisition : Formal and computational models The negotiation and acquisition of recursive grammars as a result of competition among exemplars), 2002.

T. Belpaeme, Simulating the formation of color categories, Proceedings of the international joint conference on artificial intelligence, pp.393-398, 2001.

T. Belpaeme, Factors influencing the origins of colour categories, Thèse de doctorat, 2002.

B. Berlin, D. E. Breedlove, and P. Raven, Folk Taxonomies and Biological Classification, Science, vol.154, issue.3746, pp.273-275, 1966.
DOI : 10.1126/science.154.3746.273

B. Berlin, D. E. Breedlove, and P. Raven, General Principles of Classification and Nomenclature in Folk Biology, American Anthropologist, vol.75, issue.1, pp.214-242, 1973.
DOI : 10.1525/aa.1973.75.1.02a00140

B. Berlin, D. E. Breedlove, and P. Raven, Principles of tzeltal plant classification, 1974.

A. Blank, Why do new meanings occur ? a cognitive typology of the moti- Bibliographie vations for lexical semantic change, Historical semantics and cognition, pp.61-89, 1999.

A. Blank, Words and concepts in time : Towards diachronic cognitive onomasiology Words in time diachronic semantics from different points of view, 2001.

B. Bollobás and O. Riordan, The Diameter of a Scale-Free Random Graph, Combinatorica, vol.24, issue.1, pp.5-34, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s00493-004-0002-2

L. Boroditsky, Metaphoric structuring: understanding time through spatial metaphors, Cognition, vol.75, issue.1, pp.1-28, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00073-6

L. Boroditsky, Does Language Shape Thought?: Mandarin and English Speakers' Conceptions of Time, Cognitive Psychology, vol.43, issue.1, pp.1-22, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/cogp.2001.0748

L. Boroditsky and M. Ramscar, The Roles of Body and Mind in Abstract Thought, Psychological Science, vol.13, issue.2, pp.185-189, 2002.
DOI : 10.1111/1467-9280.00434

D. Bowden and M. Dubach, NeuroNames 2002, Neuroinformatics, vol.1, issue.1, pp.43-59, 2002.
DOI : 10.1385/NI:1:1:043

D. M. Bowden and R. F. Martin, NeuroNames Brain Hierarchy, NeuroImage, vol.2, issue.1, pp.63-83, 1995.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.1995.1009

M. Bréal, Essai de sémantique (science des significations), Paris : Hachette, 1924.

H. Brighton, Compositional Syntax From Cultural Transmission, Artificial Life, vol.22, issue.1, pp.25-54, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/0271-5309(82)90035-0

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.21.8867

B. Broder, A. Kumar, R. Maghoul, F. Raghavan, P. Rajagopalan et al., Graph structure in the Web, Computer Networks, vol.33, issue.1-6, pp.1-6, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S1389-1286(00)00083-9

J. Bruner, J. Goodnow, &. G. , and A. , A Study of Thinking, AIBS Bulletin, vol.7, issue.1, 1956.
DOI : 10.2307/1292061

C. D. Buck, A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal indoeuropean languages, 1949.

N. Chomsky, Syntactic structures. The Hague : Mouton, 1957.

F. Chung and L. Lu, The Diameter of Sparse Random Graphs, Advances in Applied Mathematics, vol.26, issue.4, pp.257-279, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/aama.2001.0720

H. Clark, How language acquisition builds on cognitive development, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.8, issue.10, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tics.2004.08.012

. Moore, Space, time semantics, and the child)

A. Clauset, M. E. Newman, and C. Moore, Finding community structure in very large networks, Physical Review E, vol.70, issue.6, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.70.066111

URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0408187

T. C. Clausner and W. Croft, Domains and image schemas, Cognitive Linguistics, vol.10, issue.1, pp.1-31, 1999.
DOI : 10.1515/cogl.1999.001

L. Cornips and K. P. Corrigan, Syntax and variation : Reconciling the biological and the social, 2005.
DOI : 10.1075/cilt.265

. Dahl, When the future comes from behind: Malagasy and other time concepts and some consequences for communication, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol.19, issue.2, pp.197-209, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0147-1767(95)00004-U

A. Damasio, Descartes' error : Emotion, reason, and the human brain, 1994.

L. Danon, A. Díaz-guilera, J. Duch, and A. Arenas, Comparing community structure identification, Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol.2005, issue.09, p.290
DOI : 10.1088/1742-5468/2005/09/P09008

A. Darmesteter, La vie des mots étudiée dans leurs significations, 1887.

D. Jong and E. , The development of a lexicon based on behavior, Proceedings of the tenth netherlands/belgium conference on artificial intelligence naic'98, pp.27-36, 1998.

D. Jong and E. , Autonomous formation of concepts and communication, Thèse de doctorat, 2000.

I. Dryden and K. Mardia, Statistical shape analysis, 1998.

S. Duanmu, Stress and the Development of Disyllabic Words in Chinese, Diachronica International Journal for Historical Linguistics. Founded by E.F.K. Koerner, General Editor, 1984???2001, vol.16, issue.1, pp.1-35, 1999.
DOI : 10.1075/dia.16.1.03dua

D. Dubois and H. Prade, Operations on fuzzy numbers, International Journal of Systems Science, vol.12, issue.6, pp.613-626, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/S0019-9958(65)90241-X

G. Edelman, Bright air, brilliant fire : On the matter of the mind, 1992.

V. M. Eguíluz, D. R. Chialvo, G. A. Cecchi, M. Baliki, and A. V. Apkarian, Scale-Free Brain Functional Networks, Physical Review Letters, vol.94, issue.1, p.18102, 2005.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.018102

P. Erdös and A. Rényi, On random graphs, Publicationes Mathematicae Debrencen, vol.6, pp.290-297, 1959.

P. Erdös and A. Rényi, On the evolution of random graphs, Publications of the Mathematical Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, pp.17-61, 1960.

L. Euler, Solutio problematis ad geometriam situs pertinentis. Commetarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae, pp.128-140, 1736.

N. Evans and D. Wilkins, In the Mind's Ear: The Semantic Extensions of Perception Verbs in Australian Languages, Language, vol.76, issue.3, pp.546-592, 2000.
DOI : 10.2307/417135

B. Faloutsos, M. Faloutsos, P. Faloutsos, and C. , On power-law relationships of the internet topology, SIGCOMM, pp.251-262, 1999.

C. Fellbaum, Wordnet : An electronic lexical database, 1998.

D. Felleman and D. Van-essen, Distributed Hierarchical Processing in the Primate Cerebral Cortex, Cerebral Cortex, vol.1, issue.1, pp.1-47, 1991.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/1.1.1

R. Ferrer-i-cancho, R. V. Solé, and R. Köhler, Patterns in syntactic dependency networks, Physical Review E, vol.69, issue.5, p.69, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.69.051915

R. Ferrer-i-cancho and R. V. Sole, The small world of human language, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.268, issue.1482, pp.2261-2265, 1482.
DOI : 10.1098/rspb.2001.1800

C. J. Fillmore, Frame Semantics, Linguistics in the morning calm, pp.111-137, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/00424-7

J. Fodor, Language and Thought, The Modern Language Journal, vol.49, issue.6, 1975.
DOI : 10.2307/322944

F. Costa and L. Da, WHAT'S IN A NAME?, International Journal of Modern Physics C, vol.15, issue.03, pp.371-379, 2004.
DOI : 10.1142/S0129183104005772

K. J. Friston, Functional and effective connectivity in neuroimaging: A synthesis, Human Brain Mapping, vol.10, issue.Suppl 2, pp.56-78, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/hbm.460020107

H. Gardner, Histoire de la révolution cognitive. la nouvelle science de l'esprit, Paris : Payot, 1985.

B. Gaume, Balades aléatoires dans les petits mondes lexicaux, Information ? Interaction ? Intelligence, vol.4, issue.2, 2005.

B. Gaume, N. Hathout, and P. Muller, Word sense disambiguation using a dictionary for sense similarity measure, Proceedings of the 20th international conference on Computational Linguistics , COLING '04, pp.1194-1200, 2004.
DOI : 10.3115/1220355.1220528

D. Geeraerts, Grammaire cognitive et s??mantique lexicale, Communications, vol.53, issue.1, p.292, 1991.
DOI : 10.3406/comm.1991.1801

D. Geeraerts, Diachronic protoype semantics ? a contribution to historical lexicology, 1997.

D. Gentner, M. Imai, and L. Boroditsky, As time goes by: Evidence for two systems in processing space ??? time metaphors, Language and Cognitive Processes, vol.17, issue.5, pp.537-565, 2002.
DOI : 10.1037/0278-7393.26.2.529

A. Glenberg and M. Kaschak, Grounding language in action, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, vol.24, issue.3, pp.558-565, 2002.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03196313

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00194100

T. Gordon, A history of semantics, 1982.
DOI : 10.1075/sihols.30

J. Grady, THEORIES ARE BUILDINGS revisited, Cognitive Linguistics, vol.8, issue.4, pp.269-290, 1997.
DOI : 10.1515/cogl.1997.8.4.267

P. Gärdenfors, Conceptual spaces, Kognitionswissenschaft, vol.4, issue.4, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s001970050015

P. Grice, Speech acts, syntax and semantics iii, pp.41-58, 1975.

J. Guillaume and M. Latapy, Bipartite structure of all complex networks, Information Processing Letters, vol.90, issue.5, pp.215-221, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ipl.2004.03.007

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00016855

A. Gulli and A. Signorini, The indexable web is more than 11.5 billion pages, Special interest tracks and posters of the 14th international conference on World Wide Web , WWW '05, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1062745.1062789

G. Györi, Semantic chenges and cognition, Cognitive Linguistics, vol.13, issue.2, pp.123-166, 2002.

V. Haser, Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads ? a cognitive perspective, pp.171-194, 2003.

B. Haspelmath and M. , Up and down the cline ? the nature of grammaticalization, pp.19-44, 2004.

O. Hauk, I. Johnsrude, and F. Pulvermuller, Somatotopic Representation of Action Words in Human Motor and Premotor Cortex, Neuron, vol.41, issue.2, pp.301-307, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(03)00838-9

L. Hjelmslev, Prolégomènes à une théorie du langage. Paris : Les éditions de minuit, 1943.

J. Holmes, Inferring language change from computer corpora : Some methodological problems, ICAME, vol.18, pp.27-40, 1994.

J. Hurford, The evolutionary emergence of language : Social function and the origins of linguistic form, pp.324-352, 2000.

H. Jeong, Z. Neda, and A. Barabasi, Measuring preferential attachment in evolving networks, Europhysics Letters (EPL), vol.61, issue.4, pp.567-572, 2003.
DOI : 10.1209/epl/i2003-00166-9

H. Jeong, B. Tombor, R. Albert, Z. N. Oltvai, and A. L. Barabási, The large-scale organization of metabolic networks, Nature, vol.407, pp.651-654, 2000.

C. Johansson and A. Lansner, Towards Cortex Sized Attractor ANN, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, p.3141, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-27835-1_6

M. Johnson, The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, vol.47, issue.4, 1987.
DOI : 10.2307/431155

I. P. Kan, L. W. Barsalou, K. O. Solomon, J. K. Minor, and S. L. Thompson-schill, ROLE OF MENTAL IMAGERY IN A PROPERTY VERIFICATION TASK: FMRI EVIDENCE FOR PERCEPTUAL REPRESENTATIONS OF CONCEPTUAL KNOWLEDGE, Cognitive Neuropsychology, vol.2, issue.3-6, pp.525-540, 2003.
DOI : 10.1080/02643290244000257

F. Kaplan, L'émergence d'un lexique dans une population d'agents auto- Bibliographie nomes, Thèse de doctorat, 2000.

A. Kaufmann and M. Gupta, Introduction to fuzzy arithmetic : Theory and applications, 1985.

R. King, T. Nadasdi, and G. R. Butler, First-person plural in Prince Edward Island Acadian French: The fate of the vernacular variant je???ons, Language Variation and Change, vol.7, issue.03, pp.237-255, 2004.
DOI : 10.1017/S0954394504163035

S. Kirby, The evolutionary emergence of language : Social function and the origins of linguistic form Syntax without Natural Selection : How compositionality emerges from vocabulary in a population of learners) Cambridge, 2000.

S. Kirby, Linguistic evolution through language acquisition : Formal and computational models, 2002.

S. Kirby, Natural Language From Artificial Life, Artificial Life, vol.1, issue.2, pp.185-215, 2002.
DOI : 10.1075/eoc.1.1.02ste

R. L. Klatzky, J. W. Pellegrino, B. P. Mccloskey, and S. Doherty, Can you squeeze a tomato? The role of motor representations in semantic sensibility judgments, Journal of Memory and Language, vol.28, issue.1, pp.56-77, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0749-596X(89)90028-4

G. Kleiber, La sémantique du prototype : Catégorie et sens lexical, 1990.

H. E. Klein, The future precedes the past: Time in Toba, <i>WORD</i>, vol.98, issue.3, pp.173-185, 1987.
DOI : 10.1080/00437956.1987.11435887

P. Koch, Metonymy between pragmatics, reference and diachrony, 2004.

S. M. Bibliographie-kosslyn, T. M. Ball, and B. J. Reiser, Visual images preserve metric spatial information : evidence from studies of image scanning, pp.47-60, 1978.

P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner, and F. Leyvraz, Connectivity of Growing Random Networks, Physical Review Letters, vol.85, issue.21, pp.4629-4632, 2000.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.4629

H. Kurath, Linguistic atlas of new england, 1939.

W. Labov, The Social Motivation of a Sound Change, <i>WORD</i>, vol.19, issue.3, pp.273-309, 1963.
DOI : 10.1080/00437956.1963.11659799

W. Labov, The social stratification of English, 1966.

W. Labov, Sociolinguistics patterns, 1972.

W. Labov, The boundaries of words and their meanings, New ways of analysing variation in english, pp.340-373, 1973.

W. Labov, Principles of linguistic change ? internal factors, 1994.

G. Lakoff, Women, fire, and dangerous things : What categories reveal about the mind, 1987.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001

G. Lakoff, Metaphor and thought, pp.202-251, 1993.

G. Lakoff and M. Johnson, Metaphors we live by, 1980.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226470993.001.0001

G. Lakoff and M. Johnson, Philosophy in the flesh : The embodied mind and its challenge to western thought, 1999.

G. Lakoff and R. E. Núñez, Where mathematics comes from : How the embodied mind brings mathematics into being, 2000.

G. Lakoff and M. Turner, More than cool reason : A field guide to poetic metaphor, 1989.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226470986.001.0001

R. W. Langacker, Foundations of cognitive grammar, Theoretical prerequisites, 1987.

R. W. Langacker, Reference-point constructions, Cognitive Linguistics, vol.4, issue.1, pp.1-38, 1993.
DOI : 10.1515/cogl.1993.4.1.1

W. P. Lehmann, Historical linguistics : an introduction London : Routledge. (Chap. 13 uniquement : semantic change and changes in the lexicon, 1992.

J. Magué, Evolutionary epistemology, language and culture : A nonadaptationist , systems theoretical approach, pp.169-194, 2005.

C. Manning and H. Schütze, Foundations of statistical natural language processing, 1999.

D. Marconi, La philosophie du langage au xxème siècle, 1997.

M. Mare?, Computation over fuzzy quantities, Boca Raton, 1994.

A. M. Mcmahon, Understanding language change, 1994.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9781139166591

A. Meillet, Comment les mots changent de sens ?, 1905.

M. Merleau-ponty, Phénoménologie de la perception, 1945.
DOI : 10.14375/NP.9782070293377

B. Milgram and S. , The small world problem, Psychology Today, vol.67, issue.1, 1967.
DOI : 10.1037/e400002009-005

G. A. Miller, WordNet: a lexical database for English, Communications of the ACM, vol.38, issue.11, pp.39-41, 1995.
DOI : 10.1145/219717.219748

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.83.1823

L. Milroy and M. Gordon, Sociolinguistics : Method and interpretation, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/9780470758359

A. W. Miracle and J. D. Moya, .the aymara language and its social and cultural context, pp.33-56, 1981.

R. Montague, English as a formal language, pp.188-221, 1970.

C. C. Moore, A. K. Romney, and T. L. Hsia, Shared cognitive representations of perceptual and semantic structures of basic colors in Chinese and English, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.5007-5010, 2000.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.97.9.5007

A. E. Motter, A. P. Moura, . De, Y. Lai, and P. Dasgupta, Topology of the conceptual network of language, Physical Review E, vol.65, issue.6, p.65, 2002.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.65.065102

D. L. Nelson, C. L. Mcevoy, and T. A. Schreiber, The University of South Florida free association, rhyme, and word fragment norms, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, vol.106, issue.3, 1999.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03195588

B. Nerlich, Semantics theories in europe 1830?1930. from etymology to contextuality, 1992.
DOI : 10.1075/sihols.59

A. Newell and H. Simon, Human problem solving, 1972.

M. E. Newman, Clustering and preferential attachment in growing networks, Physical Review E, vol.64, issue.2, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.64.025102

M. E. Newman, The structure of scientific collaboration networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.404-409, 2001.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.98.2.404

M. E. Newman, Power laws, pareto distributions and zipf's law. Contemporary Physics
DOI : 10.1080/00107510500052444

URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0412004

M. E. Newman, D. J. Watts, and S. H. Strogatz, Random graph models of social networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.2566-2572, 2002.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.012582999

R. Núñez and E. Sweetser, Aymara, where the future is behind you : Convergent evidence from language and gesture in the cross-linguistic comparison of spatial construals of time, Cognitive Science

J. Norman, Chinese. Cambridge, 1988.

M. Oliphant and J. Batali, Learning and the emergence of coordinated communication . The newsletter of the Center for Research in Language, 1997.

D. Parisi, An Artificial Life Approach to Language, Brain and Language, vol.59, issue.1, pp.121-146, 1997.
DOI : 10.1006/brln.1997.1815

R. Pastor-satorras, A. Vazquez, and A. Vespignani, Dynamical and Correlation Properties of the Internet, Physical Review Letters, vol.87, issue.25, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.258701

S. Ploux and B. Victorri, Construction d'espaces sémantiques à l'aide de dictionnaires informatisés des synonymes, pp.161-182, 1998.

F. Pulvermuller, M. Harle, and F. Hummel, Walking or Talking?: Behavioral and Neurophysiological Correlates of Action Verb Processing, Brain and Language, vol.78, issue.2, pp.143-168, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/brln.2000.2390

F. Pulvermuller, O. Hauk, V. Nikulin, and R. Ilmoniemi, Functional links between motor and language systems, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.12, issue.12, pp.793-797, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.03900.x

H. Putnam, Philosophy and our mental life, Foerster symposium on Bibliographie computer and the mind, 1973.
DOI : 10.4159/harvard.9780674594623.c11

G. Radden, Übersetzen, interkulturelle kommunikation, spracherwerb und sprachvermittlung ? das leben mit mehreren sprachen : Festschrift für juliane house zum 60. geburtstag, pp.225-238, 2004.

G. Radden and Z. Kövecses, Metonymy in language and thought Amsterdam and Philadelphia, pp.17-60, 1999.

C. R. Rao and S. Suryawanshi, Oct) Statistical analysis of shape of objects based on landmark data, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.12132-12136, 1996.

C. K. Reisig, Vorlesungen über lateinische sprachwissenschaft, 1839.

A. Rey, Dictionnaire historique de la langue française, 1992.

P. Roget, Roget's thesaurus of english words and phrases, 1911.

A. K. Romney, C. C. Moore, W. H. Batchelder, and T. L. Hsia, Statistical methods for characterizing similarities and differences between semantic structures, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.518-523, 2000.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.97.1.518

A. K. Romney, C. C. Moore, and C. D. Rusch, Cultural universals: Measuring the semantic structure of emotion terms in English and Japanese, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.94-5489, 1997.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.94.10.5489

E. Rosch, Natural categories, Cognitive Psychology, vol.4, issue.3, pp.328-350, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(73)90017-0

E. Rosch, Cognitive reference points, Cognitive Psychology, vol.7, issue.4, pp.532-547, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(75)90021-3

E. Rosch, Cognitive representations of semantic categories., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol.104, issue.3, pp.192-233, 1975.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-3445.104.3.192

E. Rosch, Studies in cross-cultural psychology Human Categorization), 1977.

E. Rosch, Principles of Categorization, Cognition and categorization, pp.27-48, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-1-4832-1446-7.50028-5

E. Rosch and C. Mervis, Family resemblances: Studies in the internal structure of categories, Cognitive Psychology, vol.7, issue.4, pp.573-605, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(75)90024-9

E. Rosch, C. Mervis, D. Johnson, W. G. Boyes-braem, and P. , Basic objects in natural categories, Cognitive Psychology, vol.8, issue.3, pp.382-439, 1976.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(76)90013-X

E. Rosch, P. Simpson, and R. Miller, Structural bases of typicality effects., Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol.2, issue.4, pp.491-502, 1976.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-1523.2.4.491

L. Roudet, Sur la classification psychologique des changements sémantiques, Journal de Psychologie, vol.18, pp.676-692, 1921.

F. Saussure and . De, Cours de linguistique générale, Payot and Rivages, 1916.

J. Scannel, C. Blakemore, and M. Young, Analysis of connectivity in the cat cerebral cortex, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.15, pp.1463-1483, 1995.

J. Scannell, G. Burns, C. Hilgetag, M. Neil, and M. Young, The Connectional Organization of the Cortico-thalamic System of the Cat, Cerebral Cortex, vol.9, issue.3, pp.277-299, 1999.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/9.3.277

S. Schüle, Perception verb complements in akatek,a mayan language, Thèse Bibliographie de doctorat, 2000.

R. Shepard and J. Meltzer, Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects, Science, vol.171, issue.3972, pp.701-703, 1971.
DOI : 10.1126/science.171.3972.701

M. Sigman and G. A. Cecchi, The global organisation of the wordnet lexicon, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, pp.1742-1747, 2002.

A. Smith, Evolving communication through the inference of meaning, 2003.

A. Smith, Intelligent Meaning Creation in a Clumpy World Helps Communication, Artificial Life, vol.9, issue.2, pp.175-190, 2003.
DOI : 10.1017/S0140525X00081061

R. V. Solé and J. M. Montoya, Small world patterns in food webs, Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.214, pp.405-412, 2002.

K. O. Solomon and L. W. Barsalou, Representing Properties Locally, Cognitive Psychology, vol.43, issue.2, pp.129-169, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/cogp.2001.0754

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.3.3863

D. Sperber and D. Wilson, Relevance : Communication and cognition, 1986.

H. Sperber, Einführung in die bedeutunglehre, 1923.

M. Spivey and J. Geng, Oculomotor mechanisms activated by imagery and memory: eye movements to absent objects, Psychological Research, vol.65, issue.4, pp.235-241, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/s004260100059

O. Sporns, Network analysis, complexity, and brain function, Complexity, vol.282, issue.1, pp.56-60, 2003.
DOI : 10.1002/cplx.10047

O. Sporns, D. R. Chialvo, M. Kaiser, and C. C. Hilgetag, Organization, development and function of complex brain networks, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.8, issue.9, pp.418-425, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tics.2004.07.008

O. Sporns and J. Zwi, The Small World of the Cerebral Cortex, Neuroinformatics, vol.2, issue.2, pp.145-162, 2004.
DOI : 10.1385/NI:2:2:145

L. Steels, Perceptually grounded meaning creation, Proceedings of the second international conference on multi-agent systems, pp.338-344, 1996.

L. Steels, Constructing and sharing perceptual distinctions, Proceedings of the ninth european conference on machine learning, pp.4-13, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-62858-4_68

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.128.7012

L. Steels, Self-organizing vocabularies Artificial life v : Proceeding of the fifth international workshop on the synthesis and simulation of living systems, pp.179-184, 1997.

L. Steels, The Synthetic Modeling of Language Origins, Evolution of Communication An international multidisciplinary journal, vol.1, issue.1, pp.1-34, 1997.
DOI : 10.1075/eoc.1.1.02ste

L. Steels, The origins of syntax in visually grounded robotic agents, Artificial Intelligence, vol.103, issue.1-2, pp.133-156, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0004-3702(98)00066-6

L. Steels, Language as a Complex Adaptive System, Proceedings of ppsn vi : Lectur notes in computer science, pp.17-26, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-45356-3_2

L. Steels and T. Belpaeme, Coordinating perceptually grounded categories through language: A case study for colour, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.28, issue.04, 2005.
DOI : 10.1017/S0140525X05000087

L. Steels and F. Kaplan, Spontaneous lexicon change, Coling-acl, pp.1243-1249, 1998.
DOI : 10.3115/980691.980772

URL : http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/P/P98/P98-2203.pdf

L. Steels and F. Kaplan, Situated grounded word semantics, 1999.

L. Steels and F. Kaplan, Bootstrapping grounded word semantics Linguistic evolution through language acquisition :formal and computational models, 2002.

L. Steels and P. Vogt, Grounding adaptive language games in robotic agents, 1997.

G. Stern, Meaning and change of meaning. with a special reference to the english language, 1931.

M. Steyvers and J. B. Tenenbaum, The Large-Scale Structure of Semantic Networks: Statistical Analyses and a Model of Semantic Growth, Cognitive Science, vol.393, issue.1, pp.41-78, 2005.
DOI : 10.1207/s15516709cog2901_3

B. Stross, Language acquisition by tenejapa tzeltal children, Thèse de doctorat, 1969.
DOI : 10.1515/9783110869675.107

E. E. Sweetser, From etymology to pragmatics : metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure, 1990.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511620904

L. Talmy, The relation of grammar to cognition Concept Structuring Systems), Toward a cognitive semantics, 2000.

J. R. Taylor, Linguistics categorization : Prototypes in linguistics theory, 1989.

E. Traugott, Universals of human language : Word structure, 1978.

E. Traugott and R. Dasher, Regularity in semantic change Cam- Bibliographie bridge, 2002.

J. Trier, Der deutsche wortchatz im sinnbezirk des verstandes, 1931.

M. Tucker and R. Ellis, The potentiation of grasp types during visual object categorization, Visual Cognition, vol.15, issue.6, pp.769-800, 2001.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-1523.24.3.830

A. Tversky and I. Gati, Cognition and categorization, pp.79-98, 1978.

B. Tversky, Features of similarity., Psychological Review, vol.84, issue.4, pp.327-352, 1977.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-295X.84.4.327

S. Ullmann, The principles of semantics, Oxford : Blackwell. (Original work published, 1951.

S. Ullmann, Pr??cis de s??mantique fran??aise, Lingua, vol.25, 1952.
DOI : 10.1016/0024-3841(70)90019-7

S. Ullmann, Semantics. an introduction to the science of meaning, 1967.

F. J. Varela, E. Thompson, and E. Rosch, The embodied mind : Cognitive science and human experience, 1991.

F. Venant, Géométriser le sens, 2004.

A. Viberg, The verb of perception : a typological study, Linguistics, vol.21, pp.123-162, 1983.

P. Vogt, Lexicon grounding on mobile robots, Thèse de doctorat, 2000.

A. Wagner and D. A. Fell, The small world inside large metabolic networks, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.268, issue.1478, 2001.
DOI : 10.1098/rspb.2001.1711

K. Wagner, J. A. Reggia, J. Uriagereka, and G. S. Wilkinson, Progress in the Simulation of Emergent Communication and Language, Adaptive Behavior, vol.11, issue.1, pp.37-69, 2003.
DOI : 10.1177/10597123030111003

D. Watts and S. Strogatz, Collective dynamics of 'small-world' networks, Nature, vol.393, issue.6684, pp.440-442, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/30918

S. Weiss, N. Indurkhya, and F. Damerau, Text mining : Methods for analyzing unstructured information, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/978-0-387-34555-0

S. White and P. Smyth, Algorithms for estimating relative importance in networks, Proceedings of the ninth ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining , KDD '03, pp.266-275, 2003.
DOI : 10.1145/956750.956782

D. P. Wilkins, The comparative method reviewed : Regularity and irregularity in language change, pp.264-304, 1996.

J. M. Williams, Synaesthetic Adjectives: A Possible Law of Semantic Change, Language, vol.52, issue.2, pp.461-478, 1976.
DOI : 10.2307/412571

L. Wittgenstein, Tractatus logico-philosophicus, 1921.

L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical investigations, 1953.

L. Wu and L. Barsalou, Grounding concepts in perceptual simulation : I. evidence from property generation, 2003.

W. Wundt, Völkerpsychologie. i : Die sprache, 1900.

W. S. Yamamoto and T. B. Achacoso, Ays neuroanatomy of c elegans for computation, 1991.

S. Yook, H. Jeong, and A. Barabási, Modeling the internet's largescale topology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.99-13382, 2002.

M. Young, The Organization of Neural Systems in the Primate Cerebral Cortex, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.252, issue.1333, pp.13-18, 1993.
DOI : 10.1098/rspb.1993.0040

N. Yu, The contemporary theory of metaphor : A perspective from chinese, 1998.
DOI : 10.1075/hcp.1

L. A. Zadeh, Fuzzy sets, Information and Control, vol.8, issue.3, pp.338-358, 1965.
DOI : 10.1016/S0019-9958(65)90241-X

G. K. Zipf, Human behavior and the principle of least-effort, 1949.

B. Hamed and P. Darlu, In press Gènes et langues : une longue histoire commune ?, Les natures de l'homme ou comment sortir du partage nature

B. Berlin and P. Kay, Basic color terms, 1969.

A. Cangelosi and D. Parisi, Computer simulation: a new scientific approach to the study of language evolution Simulating the evolution of language 3-28, 2001.

C. R. Darwin, On the origin of species by means of natural selection
DOI : 10.5962/bhl.title.24329

B. De-boer, Self-organization in vowel systems, Journal of Phonetics, vol.28, issue.4, pp.441-65, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/jpho.2000.0125

F. De-saussure, Cours de linguistique générale, 1915.

D. Dubois and H. Prade, Operations on fuzzy numbers, International Journal of Systems Science, vol.12, issue.6, pp.613-639, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/S0019-9958(65)90241-X

C. J. Fillmore, Frame Semantics, Linguistic society of Korea Linguistics in the morning calm, pp.111-137, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/00424-7

P. Gärdenfors, Conceptual spaces, Kognitionswissenschaft, vol.4, issue.4, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s001970050015

T. Hashimoto, Dynamics of internal and global structure through linguistic interactions Multi-agent systems and agent-based Simulations 134-39, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, vol.1534, p.20, 1998.

J. Hurford, . Banzhaf, . Christaller, . Thomas, . Dittrich et al., Why Synonymy Is Rare: Fitness Is in the Speaker, Advances in artificial life: proceedings of the 7th European conference on artificial life (ECAL), pp.442-51, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-39432-7_47

J. Hurford and S. Kirby, The emergence of linguistic structure: an overview of the iterated learning model Simulating the evolution of language, pp.122-169, 2001.

A. Kaufman, . Gupta, and M. Madan, Introduction to fuzzy arithmetic: theory and applications, 1984.

S. Kirby, Syntax without natural selection: how compositionality emerges from vocabulary in a population of learners The evolutionary emergence of language: social function and the origins of linguistic form 303-23, 2000.

G. Lakoff and P. , Women, fire, and dangerous things: what categories reveal about the mind, 1987.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001

R. W. Langacker, Foundations of cognitive grammar I: theoretical prerequisites, 1987.

M. Mare?, Computation over fuzzy quantities, Boca Raton, 1994.

M. Richard, The proper treatment of quantification in ordinary English, Approaches to natural language, pp.221-263, 1973.

S. Mufwene, The ecology of language evolution, 2001.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511612862

D. Parisi, Simulating the evolution of language, 2001.

S. Pinker and P. Bloom, Natural language and natural selection, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol.3, issue.04, pp.707-84, 1990.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1978.tb29439.x

W. Quine, Words and ojects, 1960.

E. Rosch and C. Mervis, Family resemblances: Studies in the internal structure of categories, Cognitive Psychology, vol.7, issue.4, pp.573-605, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(75)90024-9

. Schleicher, La théorie de Darwin et la science du langage: lettre ouverte à M, 1863.

. E. Le-dr and . Haeckel, Evolutionnisme et linguistique 59-78. Paris: Librairie philosophique J. Vrin. Smith, Andrew Intelligent meaning creation in a clumpy world helps communication, Artificial Life, vol.9, issue.2, pp.559-74, 1980.

L. Steels, The origins of ontologies and communication conventions in multi-agent systems, Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, vol.1, issue.2, pp.169-94, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1010002801935

P. Tort, Evolutionnisme et linguistique, 1980.

P. Vogt, Iterated learning and grounding: from holistic to compositional languages, Language evolution and computation, proceedings of the workshop, 2003.

L. Wittgenstein, Tractatus logico-philosophicus, 1922.

L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical investigations, 1953.