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Changements sémantiques et cognition : Différentes méthodes pour différentes échelles temporelles

Abstract : The advent of cognitive linguistics in the beginning of th 80's has renewed researches on semantic change, by providing a theoretical framework that allows a explicative approach, which supplanted past descriptive ones. Nonetheless, despite theoretical advances, methodological processes underlying studies on semantic changes have remained the same: the analysis of synchronic manifestations, i.e. polysemy within a single language or sets of cognates in language families, and, when appropriate, the search for semantic developments in corpora. The goal of this thesis is to show that other methodological ways are possible. We propose three, which apply to different time scales: the first combines concepts from variationist sociolinguistics with methods from quantitative anthropology in order to observe ongoing changes. The second is a multi-agents model in line with evolutionary linguistics that allows us to study semantic changes across several generations of speakers. Finely, the last relies on semantic networks build out from Chinese corpora covering a period of 3000 years to quantify relations between frequency, polysemy and semantic evolution
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Contributor : Jean-Philippe Magué <>
Submitted on : Sunday, August 16, 2009 - 12:29:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00410044, version 1



Jean-Philippe Magué. Changements sémantiques et cognition : Différentes méthodes pour différentes échelles temporelles. Linguistique. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00410044⟩



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