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Migrations and economics development : a computable general equilibrium approach of the maroccan case

Abstract : The growing interest of economists in South-North migration has given the South the status of emigration countries and the North the status of immigration countries. However, when we look closely at the data, we find that South-South migration is as important as South-North migration. The magnitude of South-South migration has made some developing countries, countries of origin, of transit and of destination. Concerning the impact on the labour market, two contradictory effects can be observed: first, immigration and migration between regions within countries increase the pressure on the local labour market and consequently, the incentive to emigrate. On the other hand, migration can increase wages or reduce unemployment in the regions of origin, that in turn, strengthens internal migration and immigration. While most economists have neglected this aspect, this thesis tries to shed the light on the interdependency between migration flows. It concludes that the impact of migration on the labour market in the country of origin should be carefully analysed by taking into account the entry and exit of workers. This thesis also focuses on the investment of remittances in real estate and concludes that channeling remittances to productive sectors has no positive impact on the economy when the real estate sector is highly integrated in the latter. It also concludes that the Moroccan economy must continue its efforts to liberalise trade in order to reduce migration flows.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00402988
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2009 - 5:39:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:24 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00402988, version 1

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Fida Karam. Migrations and economics development : a computable general equilibrium approach of the maroccan case. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2009. English. ⟨tel-00402988⟩

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