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La place des intérêts et des normes dans l'action humanitaire de l'Union européenne

Abstract : The reflections inspired by the traditional theories, such as realism and liberalism, clearly emphasise the fact that no State or group of States is willing to take civil or military action in order to put an end to a humanitarian crisis, unless a material or strategic interest is involved. Nevertheless, by refusing to accept the reality of the norms, none of these paradigms can explain in an apodictic way the humanitarian action implemented by the european institutions or even convey its original and new aspect. Actually, the interest for the humanitarian norms is so important from the european decision-makers that they sometimes have to make decisions, since the end of the cold war, that go against the material and strategic interest of the european Union. These norms could consequently become a component symbol, which means, according to Martha Finnemore “the expectations shared by the european decision-makers concerning the acceptable attitudes” and they could shape the european behaviour by interfering with the identity and interests of the european Union. From a constructivist point of view, the identities which are at the origin of general interests are not understood as a given fact, but as a result of the social interaction, which allows the dissemination of the shared and structured understanding of the humanitarian norms. Consequently, the interests are defined in a context of appropriation of these norms.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2009 - 4:26:47 PM
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Delphine Loupsans. La place des intérêts et des normes dans l'action humanitaire de l'Union européenne. Science politique. Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV; Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00402949⟩

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