Déformation HP-HT des magmas siliceux : contraintes expérimentales sur l'évolution structurale et les transitions rhéologiques aux moyennes et fortes cristallinités

Abstract : The rheological behaviour of synthetic hydrous magmatic suspensions has been experimentally investigated in compression and torsion at high temperatures and pressures in a Paterson press. The results illustrate the influence of the crystal fraction and of the shape of the crystals on the rheology and the Shape Preferred Orientation (SPO) of the particles. A solid particle network, associated with a strong increase of the viscosity, is generated between crystal fractions (fs) of 0.20 and 0.38, with the development of pervasive fabrics. With increasing the crystal fraction (fs = 0.50), shear bands bordered by symmetrical deformation gradients crosscut the pervasive fabric, resulting in a weakening in the rheological behaviour of the suspension. The increase of the viscosity with increasing cristallinity of the suspension becomes less important. At fs = 0.58, brittle shear bands without deformation gradients crosscut an undeformed suspension and lead to a strong weakening of the rheological behaviour which explains the small increase of the viscosity of the suspension with increasing crystal fraction. Above this crystal fraction, suspensions show a strong reduction of the crystal size and shape ratio. No SPO has been determined but the near-stabilisation of the viscosity, coupled with a stabilisation of the stress with strain, is consistent with a solid-like mechanical behaviour at these high crystallinities. All studied suspensions are characterized by a non-Newtonian, shear thinning rheological behaviour. Our results and, in particular, the dependence between the rheological behaviour and the development of crystal microstructures, need to be integrated in mechanical models of magmatic suspensions.
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Applied geology. Université d'Orléans, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ORLE2010>


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David Picard. Déformation HP-HT des magmas siliceux : contraintes expérimentales sur l'évolution structurale et les transitions rhéologiques aux moyennes et fortes cristallinités. Applied geology. Université d'Orléans, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ORLE2010>. <tel-00400042v2>

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