LES RESTES DE BLAIREAU EN CONTEXTE ARCHEOLOGIQUE : TAPHONOMIE, ARCHEOZOOLOGIE ET ÉLEMENTS DE DISCUSSION DES SEQUENCES PREHISTORIQUES.

Abstract : Understanding the integrity of archaeological accumulations and any taphonomic process that interfered with the integrity of accumulations is necessary to assess hominid behaviour and ecology. From this point of view, the occurrence within archaeological sites of large sized burrowers, such as badgers, could be problematic. Badger burrows and skeletal remains frequently occur in Pleistocene deposits; however, the temporal and behavioural relationships of these items to the rest of the archaeological assemblage are frequently unknown, due to a poor understanding of badger species—either from the palaeontological view or from its relationships with hominids. Thus, a part of our work is devoted to a synthesis concerning 1) badger phylogeny, 2) criteria for diagnosing the accumulation of burrowing animal remains, 3) the exploitation of carnivores by humans during the Palaeolithic. Moreover, a part of this work is dedicated to understanding badger induced bioturbation on archaeological sites. Neotaphonomical experiments were run in natural contexts and butchery experiments were conducted on small carnivores carcasses. These methodological tools were then applied to archaeological material from Scladina Cave in Belgium (Middle Palaeolithic). In France, material analysed comes from Artenac (Charente, Mousterian), Bois-Ragot (Vienne, Azilian), Faustin shelter (Gironde, Late Magdalenian), Rouffignac (Dordogne, Mesolithic) and Unikoté (Pyrenées-Atlantique, Middle Palaeolithic till actual). In all these sites the origins of the badger remains were clearly identified and then we discuss the validity of the archaeological assemblages. In the sites for which an anthropic origin was demonstrated, we conducted zooarchaeological analyses. Our results suggest that humans have been exploiting carnivores since the Middle Palaeolithic.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00394204
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Mallye <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 10, 2009 - 7:19:18 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 14, 2018 - 9:38:07 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, June 11, 2010 - 12:35:34 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00394204, version 1

Collections

Citation

Jean-Baptiste Mallye. LES RESTES DE BLAIREAU EN CONTEXTE ARCHEOLOGIQUE : TAPHONOMIE, ARCHEOZOOLOGIE ET ÉLEMENTS DE DISCUSSION DES SEQUENCES PREHISTORIQUES.. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00394204⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

682

Files downloads

1492