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Construire des églises en France dans la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. De la commande à la réalisation. Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1945-2000)

Abstract : The second half of the 20th century was a time of fast changes in religious architecture in France. Taking account of parish churches built or re-constructed in the dioceses of Lille, Cambrai and Arras between 1945 and 2000, this thesis considers the question of the links between the conditions of the commissioning and the architectural result.
The church's ability to adapt to the historical, economic and social changes of the second half of the 20th century can be seen in the changes to the form and structure of church building, as well as the links with urbanisation. Looking at the mechanics of the commissioning, the main players and stakeholders of the church building process - church, state, local government, builders and craftsmen - we will try to understand how the area of church-building, between 1945 and 2000, is a reflection of the connection between the different parts of contemporary society and of the development of those links during half a century.
The first part considers the re-construction of churches destroyed by the 2nd World War bombings (1945 -1965). These church construction areas, on communal property, relied on the services of ministers in charge of re-construction.
The second part presents the new buildings of the "Trente Glorieuses" until the "Plan Construction" (1945 - 1971). These new churches were built under the sole responsibility of the bishops, represented by the diocesan organisations.
The third and last part concerns church building during the most recent period (1971 - 2000). After the numerous church building sites led towards the great urbanisation campaigns, the problem facing religious institutions as well as public powers has less to do with new constructions than with the management of heritage property.
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Contributor : Céline Frémaux <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2009 - 4:58:24 PM
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Céline Frémaux. Construire des églises en France dans la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. De la commande à la réalisation. Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1945-2000). Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00392209⟩



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