Abstract : Since the scientific studies of Lancelot in 1968 on “electoral abstention” in France; it is within the scope of interpretation of the phenomenon, a stratification paradigms grouped into two logical points of view: sociological and political. After the inventory of those concepts, we have faced them with empirical facts in order to prove the relevance of their explanatory scope. After the analysis, it appears that the sociological paradigms of logic explains more minority systematic abstention form while the political paradigms of logic explains the majority category of intermittent abstentionist but hiding the previous form. This relative lack simultaneous explanation of these two forms results from the differentiation of their methodological approach. Indeed, the first group of concepts is based on a holistic approach and identifies a structural social factor which predetermines certain categories of voters to abstention. However, the concepts of the second group stem from the environmental context and identifies the political factor of short-term who determines the abstention. But undoubtedly the voter suffers the joint influences of these two grids of variables that are ultimately as frameworks in which he makes his rational choice of abstention. This duality influences prints electoral contemporary attitudes that are appropriate to designate under the concept of individualisation policy. In this perspective on can explains the abstention by an individualist rational choice as the model given by Boudon: the general rational model. In this way, we have formulated the hypothesis that the abstention is the result of a perceived lack of voter interest that research in political action. Based on the qualitative surveys, it shows that this lack of interest is motivated by individual economic reasons with implicate social discrimination. Finally, it is seeking an interest that goes beyond maxima list utilitarianism of Downs to reach the size of consensual and close issues on matters of everyday life of voters.