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Déploiement de la chaîne logistique de l'hydrogène pour le marché des carburants en 2050 :
Conception et développement d'un outil d'optimisation pour l'analyse de scénarios

Abstract : The deployment of a market for hydrogen energy is a new problem, considered by governments, industrials and scientists to meet global targets of greenhouse gases emissions reduction and to ensure security in energy supply. In this context, the optimization problem of scheduling the deployment until 2050 of the hydrogen supply chain for fuel market throughout a country has been the object of our study. We get support of Air Liquide Company, his experience and experts in production and distribution of industrial hydrogen, to build an approach to the problem meeting the requirements of an industrial context.
After defining and characterizing the optimization problem through a systemic analysis of the distribution infrastructure, we proposed a method suited to its resolution. Monte Carlo simulations enabled us to develop cost functions. Then we developed a heuristic algorithm for approximate optimization of these cost functions. Our approach has necessitated the definition of simulation rules, a design of experiment and a regression method, as well as a heuristic algorithm adapted to the structure of the problem. The specification, development and use of software tools have helped to validate the chosen methodology for the optimization of the uncertain problem of our study. The scenario of evolution has created a reference to validate the model and provide some analysis for early studies of deployment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 16, 2009 - 2:36:12 PM
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Emmanuelle Patay. Déploiement de la chaîne logistique de l'hydrogène pour le marché des carburants en 2050 :
Conception et développement d'un outil d'optimisation pour l'analyse de scénarios. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00375976⟩

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