Ce que fait la pratique au spectateur. Enquêtes dans des salles de cinéma Art et Essai de la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Abstract : Throughout a communicational and a sociological approach, this research work offers to consider the practice of Art cinema as a dynamic process that brings different individuals into contact with one another as well as with the movies. It is based on two research surveys aimed at the audiences of Art houses in the French Region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. The results of these surveys were completed by the outcome of two semiotic and discursive analyses - one covering the movies' critics of French magazine Télérama, the other one the French Art house's programme Utopia, in the city of Avignon. Eventually, some movies have been analysed taking into account an aesthetic sociology of cinema. Therefore, the target is to study the semiotic and discursive formation of value towards cinema and to consider to what extent this value partakes of creating spectators' communities around Art Cinema, given that this very value circulates and generates social representations.
The first part puts forward a definition of the issue studied: the practice of cinema in Art houses. It builds up some theoretical tools leading to an empirical understanding of this practice, showing that it entails a specific relationship towards the social sphere. The second part shows that most researches on movie theatres' practices reduce the audience's behaviour to an appropriative one while it should also be considered as a constitutive one, since it socially constructs the social value of movies. To end up with, the third part focuses on the way individuals relate to this value and how they react to it. It shows that Art Cinema has an identity around which individuals come together to create a community. Thus, it allows to reconsider the practice-related issue through the notion of community.
Based on a study of the practice of cinema, this research more generally aims at rating to what extent the issue of cultural objects' (il)legitimacy might be relevant.
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Contributor : Michael Bourgatte <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 20, 2009 - 6:54:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 22, 2019 - 11:47:27 AM
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Michael Bourgatte. Ce que fait la pratique au spectateur. Enquêtes dans des salles de cinéma Art et Essai de la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université d'Avignon, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00369730⟩

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