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Prosodie des affects socioculturels en japonais, et anglais: à la recherche des vrais et faux-amis pour le parcours de l'apprenant

Abstract : Social affects (or attitudes) expressed by a speaker during a verbal interaction are linked to what the speaker intends to say, and are influenced by the speaker's language culture. Aubergé (2002) postulates a voluntary control of such expressions. Following works on attitudinal expression in French and British English at GIPSA-lab, the current thesis investigates 12 Japanese prosodic attitudes. It describes their realization and their perception by Japanese speakers. The influence of visual information is measured through a multimodal corpus. Critical acoustic information for the attitudes' recognition is gathered thanks to a gating paradigm. For some attitudes, information is spread from the start until the end of the utterances, but some attitudes are recognized immediately, while others are recognized at a critical point at the middle or the end of utterances. Cross-cultural perception of social affects in three languages (Japanese, French and British English) is investigated in order to study cultural cues in social affective expressions. Results show that two attitudes (exclamation of surprise and declaration) are recognized cross culturally, while some others behave like false friends - especially the "kyoshuku" Japanese expressions of politeness. Finally, the language learning effect is measured on French learners of Japanese. Learners gradually increase their performances, but still have problems with the most culturally encoded expressions (i.e. "kyoshuku").
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00366612
Contributor : Carole Chauvin-Payan <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 9, 2009 - 11:24:28 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 12:59:40 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 11:15:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00366612, version 1

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Takaaki Shochi. Prosodie des affects socioculturels en japonais, et anglais: à la recherche des vrais et faux-amis pour le parcours de l'apprenant. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Stendhal - Grenoble III, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00366612⟩

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