Abstract : This work deals with the possibility of using silica holey fibres (SHF) and chalcogenide holey fibres (CHF) for applications in all-optical regeneration at 40 Gbit/s. The original results obtained during this work are arranged in three parts.
Firstly, this work reviews several methods, known as the split-step Fourier (SSF) methods, to solve the non-linear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) in order to simulate nonlinear propagation in optical fibres. For three of these methods, modifications in their algorithms to increase their efficiency have been proposed. This work also presents a new SSF method which can solve the NLSE with a given accuracy.
Secondly, this work presents, for the first time, the optical characterizations of CHF fibres and their strong potential for non-linear applications. The optical characterizations of SHF fibres, especially with a strong Raman gain, are also presented. A novel method, based on the effect of soliton compression, to measure simultaneously the dispersion and the nonlinear coefficient in an optical fibre, is also proposed.
Lastly, this work proposes an abacus for the dimensioning of the regenerator at 40 Gbit/s. It points out the role of pre-filtering and studies the mechanism of power-dependent-induced jitter introduced by the regenerator. This work proposes also a new architecture of regenerator at 40 Gbit/s, based on the use of a compressor which exploits self-phase modulation, to eliminate some undesirable effects such as Brillouin scattering and intra-channel four-wave mixing. The efficiency of the architecture is shown experimentally within a recirculating loop.