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Theses

L'ENSEIGNEMENT DE LA MULTIPLICATION DES DÉCIMAUX EN SIXIÈME. ÉTUDE DE PRATIQUES ORDINAIRES

Abstract : This thesis presents four different teaching experiences concerning decimal multiplication in sixth grade, all carried out in similar circumstances. The analysis is based on transcriptions made from recordings of the lessons, as well as interviews with the teachers concerned. It studies the preparation which went into the observed lessons and the results in the classroom. It uses a double approach: the first applies didactics of mathematics to the observed teaching experiences in order to analyze the potential learning effectiveness of the experiences. The second approach borrows a few elementary theories from the field of ergonomic psychology and assumes the coherence of the teaching practices to study teachers as individuals in a real−life teaching environment.
The studied teaching experiences all demonstrate certain restraints imposed by two factors: working in a school institution and working with real pupils, with all the problems inherent to this situation, notably as regards class and time management. These restraints explain, on a macro level, the similarities of the four experiences.
There is, however, beyond these restraints, a certain amount of individual decision−making that the observed teachers were using. This factor explains, on a micro level, the pedagogical diversity seen in these four classes. These experiences differed according to the teaching strategy of each individual teacher, the tasks given to the pupils and the organization of the knowledge institutionalization. The activities of the pupils differed greatly from one teaching sequence to another, especially depending on whether the goal was to increase the knowledge and understanding of the pupils or simply to have them apply a certain technique. Likewise, the questions students asked as well as their interactions with the teacher varied greatly. Nevertheless, in numerous cases, a cross−analysis tended to confirm that, for each teacher, a coherent teaching practice exists.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00364726
Contributor : Eric Roditi <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 26, 2009 - 10:02:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 14, 2020 - 12:15:59 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 10:57:39 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00364726, version 1

Citation

Eric Roditi. L'ENSEIGNEMENT DE LA MULTIPLICATION DES DÉCIMAUX EN SIXIÈME. ÉTUDE DE PRATIQUES ORDINAIRES. Mathématiques [math]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00364726⟩

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