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Theses

L'environnement contesté : la territorialisation des conflits environnementaux sur le littoral du Kwazulu-natal (Afrique du Sud : Kosi Bay, St Lucia, Richards Bay et Port Shepstone)

Abstract : Environmental conflicts are both a methodological and conceptual tool to study stakeholders and territories. They reveal problematic realities encompassing more than the strict environmental field, analysed across the double prism of legacies (colonisation and apartheid) and processes of post-apartheid democratisation. Stakeholders attitudes to the environment often conceal other motivations. The cases of Port Shepstone and Richards Bay, two industrial small towns, clarify land-use conflicts between the territory of industrial entrepreneurs and of the municipality, and places of living and recreation of neighbouring communities defended by some - occasionally radical - environmentalists. The cases of Kosi Bay and St Lucia put in perspective the competition between the territories of a national park (Greater St Lucia Wetland Park), recognised as a World Heritage Site, different municipalities, Tribal Authorities, and various groups of residents, Whites or Blacks, having contrasting strategies of living or surviving. As a methodological tool, environmental conflicts enhance stakeholders typologies in relationship to both environment and territory. As a conceptual tool, they shed a different light on principles of governance, decentralisation and sustainable development through studies of political games, rivalries between local and national levels, influence of networks, community participation and socio-economic dynamics of profit versus solidarity.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00363411
Contributor : Sylvain Guyot Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 23, 2009 - 11:40:27 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 2:14:39 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, November 26, 2016 - 5:50:36 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00363411, version 1

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Sylvain Guyot. L'environnement contesté : la territorialisation des conflits environnementaux sur le littoral du Kwazulu-natal (Afrique du Sud : Kosi Bay, St Lucia, Richards Bay et Port Shepstone). Géographie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00363411⟩

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