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Habilitation à diriger des recherches

Les camps français d'internement (1938-1946) - Doctorat d'Etat

Abstract : From the beginnings in February 1939, to the closing of the last camp, in May 1946, I estimate that there were 600,000 internees in around 200 centres, not for offences or crimes which they would have made but for the potential danger that they would represent for the State and/or the society. Internment policies were governed by four successive logics : exception (1938-1940), exclusion (1940-1942), deportation (1942-1944), and again exception (1944-1946). These different periods and logics for a single phenomenon are connected. It will be noted that often it was a question for the French governments of answering an external constraint, which tends to privilege a “functional” approach of the phenomenon. But, once the constraints accepted by French State, there were several possibilities and the choice of the internment is linked, often, with ideological “préconstruits”. The structure of this “doctorat d'Etat” gives an account at the same time of these chronological cuts and continuities (study of the company of the internees, the guard, the opinion and the immediate social environment, the topology of the camps).
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Contributor : Denis Peschanski Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 18, 2009 - 3:37:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 12, 2012 - 11:51:28 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00362523, version 1



Denis Peschanski. Les camps français d'internement (1938-1946) - Doctorat d'Etat. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2000. ⟨tel-00362523⟩



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