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Le rôle de l'action dans l'éducation scientifique à l'école maternelle : cas de l'approche des phénomènes physiques

Abstract : aThis research consists in the design, trial and evaluation of a scientific educational project in the nursery school. It appears that what is at present contended takes into account neither the results of research in the teaching of the sciences nor those of psychology. Our central question is : What can one at present envisage, didactically speaking, in terms of scientific education in the nursery school ? We put forward new proposals, attempting as far as possible to accord with knowledge and problems of research in the didactics of the sciences, while avoiding practices which are now understood, thanks to the sociology of education to have a socially discriminatory character. The project rests on the proposal of collective activities : heuristic activities leading pupils to modelling and problematisation activities. It is a question of learning to discover the phenomena, to put and build problems, to elaborate relations of variation, to pass of the empirical register into that of the representation, to explain, to foresee, and to know how to change opinion. The results show that these activities allow the elaboration of a first form of scientific thought in young pupils. They allow a conceptual evolution relative to the first concepts of physics approached. noted thanks to the "concept in action". Finally, they allow entry into the linguistic practices specific to debate and discussion, through the learning in school of argumentation and justification. The acquired potentials, and differentiated according to the stages of the nursery school, seem to remain for the long term and seem more difficult to acquire if these activities are begun after the nursery school.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 10, 2009 - 4:47:40 PM
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Catherine Ledrapier. Le rôle de l'action dans l'éducation scientifique à l'école maternelle : cas de l'approche des phénomènes physiques. Education. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00360234⟩

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