. Anatomie, Flammarion, 4, rue Casimir Delavigne, 1998.

C. Coué, Modèle bayésien pour l'analyse multimodale d'environnements dynamiques et encombrés : ApplicationàApplicationà l'assistancè a la conduite en milieu urbain, 2003.

A. Natinale-d, Accreditation et d'Evaluation en Sante (ANAES) Protheses totales primaires de la hanche : Evaluation du choix de la prothese et des techniques operatoires. Service Communication et Diffusion, 2001.

D. E. Derry, On the sexual and racial characters of the human ilium, J Anato, pp.71-83, 1923.

E. Keil, Uber das grossenverhaltnis der ufrgelenkpfanne zum huftbein, Anthropol Anzeiger, issue.6, pp.344-353, 1930.

H. Agus, How Should the Acetabular Angle of Sharp Be Measured on a Pelvic Radiograph?, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, vol.22, issue.2, pp.228-259, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/01241398-200203000-00020

. Babisch, Computer-assited planning and navigation of total hip arthroplasty using the navitrack and medicad system. In Navigation and robotics in total joint and spine surgery, pp.83-89, 2003.

G. Bergmann, Hip joint loading during walking and running, measured in two patients, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.26, issue.8, pp.969-990, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(93)90058-M

G. Bergmann, Frictional heating of total hip implants, Part 1: measurements in patients, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.4, pp.421-428, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00188-3

G. Bergmann, Frictional heating of total hip implants. Part 2: finite element study, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.4, pp.429-435, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00234-7

B. Besnault, Morphometric study of the human pelvis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.31, pp.2065-2072, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)80017-1

. Blackwell, Design and evaluation of 3-d pre-operative planning software : Application to acetabular implant alignment The Robotics Institute, 1996.

R. Bombelli, Mechanics of the normal and osteoarthritic hip, Clinical Orthopaedics Research, issue.182, pp.69-78, 1984.

K. Buttner-janz, Acetabular component implantation in coxarthrosis due to dysplasia after high congenital hip dislocation, DerChirurg, issue.11, pp.711374-711383, 2000.

M. B. Coventry, 012 total hip arthroplasties : A study of postoperative course and early complications, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.2, issue.2, pp.56-273, 1974.

R. D. Crowninshield, A biomechanical investigation of the human hip, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.11, issue.1-2, pp.75-85, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(78)90045-3

A. M. Digioia, Image Guided Navigation System to Measure Intraoperatively Acetabular Implant Alignment, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.355, issue.355, pp.8-22, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199810000-00003

D. Lima and D. , The effect of theorientation of the acetabular and femoral components on the range of motion of the hip at different head neck radios, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, issue.3, pp.82-315, 2000.

L. Dorr, Classification and Treatment of Dislocations of Total Hip Arthroplasty, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.&NA;, issue.173, pp.151-158, 1983.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-198303000-00019

L. Dorr, Medial Protrusio Technique for Placement of a Porous-Coated, Hemispherical Acetabular Component without Cement in a Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Who Have Acetabular Dysplasia*, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.81, issue.1, pp.83-92, 1999.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-199901000-00012

G. Durand, An aesthetic preserving algorithm for data exchange between accurac incompatible modelers, IDMME'96 Proceedings, pp.465-473, 1996.

T. A. Eddine, Variations of pelvic anteversion in the lying and standing positions analysis of 24 control subjects and implications for CT measurement of position of a prosthetic cup, Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, vol.23, issue.2, pp.105-110, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/s00276-001-0105-z

E. Corbillon, La chirurgie assistée par ordinateur Agence Nationale d'Accréditation et d' ´ Evaluation en Santé, 159 rue Nationale, p.75640, 2002.

E. Genda, Normal hip joint contact pressure distribution in single-leg standing???effect of gender and anatomic parameters, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.7, pp.895-905, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00041-0

D. Gore, Anterolateral compared to posterior approach in total hip arthroplasty . differences in component positioning, hip strength and hip motion, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.165, pp.180-184, 1982.

F. Haddad, Osteotomies around the hip : Radiographic planning and postoperative evaluation, Instr Cours Lect, issue.50, pp.253-61, 2001.

H. Handels, Three-deimensional planning and simulation of hip operations and computer-assisted construction of endoprostheses in bone tumer surgery, Journal Computer Aided Surgery, issue.0, p.0, 1999.

. Hartofilakidis, Congenital Hip Disease in Adults. Classification of Acetabular Deficiencies and Operative Treatment with Acetabuloplasty Combined with Total Hip Arthroplasty*, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.78, issue.5, pp.683-92, 1996.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-199605000-00007

D. M. Hassan, Accuracy of intraoperative assessment of acetabular prosthesis placement, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.13, issue.1, pp.80-84, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0883-5403(98)90079-1

J. Hewitt, Regional material of the human hip capsule ligaments, 2001.

J. Hewitt, The mechanical properties of the human hip capsule ligaments, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.17, issue.1, pp.82-89, 2002.
DOI : 10.1054/arth.2002.27674

. Huiskes, Adaptive bone-remodeling theory applied to prosthetic-design analysis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.20, issue.11-12, pp.1135-1150, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(87)90030-3

A. Iglic, Computer Determination of Contact Stress Distribution and Size of Weight Bearing Area in the Human Hip Joint, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.62, issue.2, pp.185-192, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(81)90021-X

M. Ipavec, Mathematical modelling of stress in the hip during gait, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.32, issue.11, pp.1229-1235, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(99)00119-0

K. Ito, A computanional model for the assesment of hip joint range of motion based on mri, 1998.

M. Jacquemier, Chirurgie et orthopedie de la hanche de l'enfant, luxation congenitale, pp.25-42, 1991.

B. Jaramaz, Effect of cup orientation and neck length in range of motion simulation, Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, p.286, 1997.

B. Jaramaz, Range of motion after total hip arthroplasty: Experimental verification of the analytical simulator, Proceedings of the First Joint CVRMed / MRCAS Conference, volume III, pp.573-582, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/BFb0029282

B. Jaramaz, Computer Assisted Measurement of Cup Placement in Total Hip Replacement, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.354, issue.354, pp.70-81, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-199809000-00010

T. M. Kepple, A three-dimensional musculoskeletal database for the lower extremities, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.31, issue.1, pp.77-80, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)00107-3

A. Khan, Dislocations following total hip replacement, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.63, pp.214-218, 1981.

G. Khang, A Study of Korean Femoral Geometry, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.406, issue.406, pp.116-138, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-200301000-00019

. Kluge, Acetabular cup navigation with the vectorvision system In Navigation and robotics in total joint and spine surgery, pp.76-81, 2003.

S. Kshirsargar, Feature point based mesh deformation applied to mpeg-4 facial animation, Proceedings Deform, pp.23-24, 2000.

F. Kummer, The effect of acetabular cup orientations on limiting hip rotation, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.14, issue.4, pp.509-513, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0883-5403(99)90110-9

Y. Kuo, Measurement of femoral ateverion by biplane radiography and computed tomography imaging : comparison with an anatomic reference, Invest radiol, vol.38, issue.4, pp.221-229, 2003.

R. Lattanzi, Hip-Op: an innovative software to plan total hip replacement surgery, Medical Informatics and the Internet in Medicine, vol.27, issue.2, 2002.
DOI : 10.1080/14639230210150346

. Lazorthes, Bladder replacement and medular neurostimulation : initial experimental results, J Urol Nephrol, vol.83, issue.2, pp.571-578, 1977.

G. Lewinnek, Dislocations after total hip-replacement arthroplasties., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.60, issue.2, pp.217-220, 1978.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-197860020-00014

B. Mavcic, Mathematical estimation of stress distribution in normal and dysplasic human hips, 59] Mazoochian F. et al. Low accuracy of stem implantation in thr using the caspar system, pp.1025-1055, 2002.

B. P. Mcnamara, Relationship between bone-prosthesis bonding and load transfer in total hip reconstruction, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.6, pp.621-630, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)00003-1

N. D. Miljkovic, Computer aided evaluation of total hip prothesis stability, Journal for Geometry and Graphics, vol.2, pp.141-149, 1998.

C. Nikou, Range of motion after total hip arthroplasty: Simulation of non-axisymmetric implants, Lecture Notes In Computer Science archive Proceedings of the First International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, pp.700-709, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0883-5403(11)80002-1

Y. Ozturkmen, Cemented total hip arthroplasty for severe dysplasia or congenital dislocation of the hip, Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc, vol.36, issue.3, pp.195-202, 2002.

H. Reynolds, Spatial geometry of the human pelvis, 1982.

R. Robinson, Joint Motion And Surface Contact Area Related To Component Position In Total Hip Arthroplasty, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.79, issue.1, pp.79-140, 1997.
DOI : 10.1302/0301-620X.79B1.6842

J. Sanchez-sotelo, Surgical Treatment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Adults: II. Arthroplasty Options, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol.10, issue.5, pp.334-344, 2002.
DOI : 10.5435/00124635-200209000-00005

T. Schmalzried, The relationship between the design, position, and articular wear of acetabular components inserted without cement and the development of pelvic osteolysis., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.76, issue.5, pp.677-688, 1994.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-199405000-00008

. Schulter-ellis, Determination of sex with a discriminant analysis of new pelvic bone measuremnts, J Forensic Sci, vol.28, issue.1, pp.169-80, 1983.

M. Seki, Analysis of optimal range of socket orientations in tital hip arthroplasty wuih use of computer aided design simulation, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, pp.513-517, 1998.

K. A. Siebenrock, Effect of Pelvic Tilt on Acetabular Retroversion: A Study of Pelves From Cadavers, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.407, pp.241-248, 2003.
DOI : 10.1097/00003086-200302000-00033

D. A. Simon, Accuracy validation in image-guided orthopaedic surgery, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, pp.185-192, 1995.

M. S. Stein, Bone size and mechanics at the fémoral diaphysis acros age and sex, Journal of Biomechanics, issue.31, pp.1101-1110, 1998.

J. Stolk, Finite element and experimental models of the composite hip joint reconstructions can produce similar bone cement stains in preclinical tests, Journal of Biomechanics, 2001.

M. S. Thompson, Acetabular morphology and resurfacing design, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.12, pp.1645-1653, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00115-9

G. Vaz, Sagittal morphology and equilibrium of pelvis and spine, European Spine Journal, vol.11, issue.1, pp.80-87, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/s005860000224

M. Viceconti, The ???standardized femur program??? proposal for a reference geometry to be used for the creation of finite element models of the femur, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.29, issue.9, p.1241, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00164-6

M. Viceconti, Development of a software for the design of custom-made hip prostheses using an open-source rapid application development environment, Medical Informatics and the Internet in Medicine, vol.25, issue.3, pp.183-193, 2000.
DOI : 10.1080/146392300750019181

M. Viceconti, Pre-clinical validation total hip replacement : How to take into account the surgeon and the patient ?, 2000.

M. Viceconti, Pre-clinical validation of a new partially cemented femoral prosthesis by synergetic use of numerical and experimental methods, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.6, pp.723-731, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00029-X

M. Vrahas, Contribution of passive tissues to the intersegmental moments at the hip, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.23, issue.4, pp.357-362, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90065-B

K. H. Wenger, Placement efficacy of the robodoc system in anatomical hip stem implantation, p.1059, 2001.

K. H. Widmer, Contact surface and pressure load at implant-bone interface in press-fit cups compared to natural hip joints, Orthopade, vol.26, issue.2, pp.181-190, 1997.

M. Wierusz-kolowska, Usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of selected diseases of the hip joint in children and adolescents, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.59, issue.5, pp.429-463, 1991.

M. Wierusz-kolowska, Normal values of some parameters of the acetabulum and proximal femur in radiographic images, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.61, issue.3, pp.259-64, 1996.

M. Wierusz-kolowska, Possibility of stereometric evaluation of child's hip structures by mri Wierusz-Kolowska M. et al. An analysis for the selected parameters of the normal hip joint during growth in magnetic resonance imaging, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.6486, issue.652, pp.159-67131, 1999.

G. Wu, ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion???part I: ankle, hip, and spine, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.4, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00222-6

W. Xinzhi, Sex difference and sex determination of the innominate bone of modern han nationality, Acta Anthropol Sinica, issue.1, pp.118-131, 1982.

V. Saikko and O. Et-calonius, Slide track analysis of the relative motion between femoral head and acetabular cup in walking and in hip simulators, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.4, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00224-X

C. Bregand and S. Et-dewarrat, Nccr computer aided surgery, orthopedic planning and navigation for total hip replacement. Computer Aided and Image Guided Interventions, 2003.

B. Jaramaz and A. Et-digioia, Pre-operative surgical simulation of an acetabular press fit : Assembly strains in bone, Proceedings of the International Conference of the IEEE, pp.1101-1102, 1993.

M. Doblare and J. Garcia, Application of an anisotropic bone-remodelling model based on a damage-repair theory to the analysis of the proximal femur before and after total hip replacement, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.9, pp.1157-1170, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00069-0

D. Visser and G. Et-konnings, A new method for measuring angles after total hip arthroplasty. a study of acetabular component, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.63, pp.556-559, 1981.

N. Jomaah and J. D. Et-laredo, Anatomie et imagerie de la hanche, La Revue du Practicien, vol.52, issue.6, pp.597-604, 2002.

S. Singh and B. R. Et-potturi, Greater sciatic notch in sex determination, J Anat, vol.125, issue.3, pp.619-643, 1978.

M. R. Sauter and F. Et-privat, Une nouvelle methode de determination sexuelle de l'os coxal : l'indice cotylosciatique, Bulletin der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fur Anthropologie, issue.28, pp.12-13, 1951.

V. Stancovski and D. Et-smrke, Computer systems for determination of pressure distribution in the hip joint articular surface : validation and results, Radiol Oncol, vol.35, issue.1, pp.17-26, 2001.

R. Dibennardo and J. V. Et-taylor, Multiple discriminant function analysis of sex and race in the postcranial skeleton, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.6, issue.3, 1983.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330610305

F. Lazarus and A. Et-verroust, Three-dimensional metamorphosis : a survey. The Visual Computer, pp.373-389, 1998.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00805830

R. E. Hanna and S. L. Et-washburn, The determination of the sex of skeletons, as illustrated by a study of the eskimo pelvis, Hum Biol, vol.25, issue.1, pp.21-37, 1953.

A. Lempicki and . Et-wierusz-kolowska, Treatment for congenital dislocation of the hip at the orthopedic department of the institute of orthopedics and rehabilitation in poznan from 1946 to 1991, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.59, issue.3, pp.219-222, 1994.

S. Jovanovic and S. Et-zivanovic, THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SEX BY THE GREAT SCHIATIC NOTCH, Cells Tissues Organs, vol.61, issue.1, pp.101-108, 1965.
DOI : 10.1159/000142684

F. Adair, A comparison by statistical methods of certain external pelvic measurements of French and American women, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.2, issue.3, pp.256-278, 1921.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9378(15)32443-1

F. Menschik, The hip joint as a conchoid shape, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.9, pp.971-973, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(97)00051-1

C. F. Moseley, Growth of the hip. W : Lowell-Winter Pediatric Orthopaedics, pp.35-37, 1986.

F. G. Parsons, The characters of the english tigh bone :i, Anat and Physiol, vol.9, pp.238-267, 1913.

G. S. Letterman, The greater sciatic notch in American Whites and negroes, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.XXXIII, issue.1, 1941.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330280106

H. Kiefer, Acetabular cup navigation with the orthopilot system In Navigation and robotics in total joint and spine surgey, pp.70-75, 2003.

W. Harkess, Campbell's operative orthopaedics : Arthroplasty of hip, 1992.

J. Holland, Adaptation in natural ans artifitian environments, 1975.

J. R. Maltby, Some indices and mesurements of the modern femur, J Anat, issue.52, pp.363-382, 1917.

K. Shiiho, Uber die huftpfanne, Zeitschrift fur Morphol und Anthropol, issue.17, pp.325-56, 1914.

P. Bessì-ere, J. Et-diard, and O. Lebeltel, Bayèsien robot programming, Autonomous Robots, 2004.

M. Godycki, Sur la certitude de d??termination du sexe d'apr??s le f??mur, le cubitus et l'hum??rus, Bulletins et M??moires de la Soci??t?? d'anthropologie de Paris, vol.8, issue.5, pp.405-410, 1957.
DOI : 10.3406/bmsap.1957.2688

M. Wierusz-kolowska, Anatomy and development of the hip joint during growth. i. anatomy and development of the acetabulum, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.60, issue.6, pp.477-83, 1995.

M. Wierusz-kolowska, Anatomy and development of the hip joint during growth. ii. anatomy and development of the acetabulum, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.61, issue.1, pp.59-62, 1995.

M. A. Kelley, Parturition and pelvic changes, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.38, issue.4, pp.541-547, 1979.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330510405

K. Mekhnacha, Méthodes probabiliste bayésiennes pour la prise en compte d'incertitudes géométriques : applicationàapplicationà la CAO-Robotique, 1999.

I. Moes and M. Horvath, Finite elements model of the human body : Geometry and non-linear material properties, Proceedings of the third International Symposium on TMCE, pp.477-493, 2002.

M. Y. Iscan, Comparison of the hamann-todd and terry collections : A test of techniques on the determination of race, sex and stature, 1986.

R. Neal, Probabilistic inference using marcov chain monte carlo methods, 1993.

O. Lebeltel, Programmation bay??sienne des robots, Revue d'intelligence artificielle, vol.18, issue.2, 1999.
DOI : 10.3166/ria.18.261-298

URL : https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00182069/file/BRP_RIA.pdf

P. Reynaud, State of the art in computer assisted surgery. Total Hip Arthroplasty International Simposium, pp.307-311, 2000.

C. Pradalier, Navigation intentionelle d'un robot movile, 2004.

P. Puget, Vérification-Correction de programmes pour la prise en compte d'incertitudes en programmation automatique des robots, 1989.

R. Pradhan, Planar anteversion of the acetabular cup as determined from plain anteroposterior radiographs, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.81, issue.3, pp.431-435, 1999.
DOI : 10.1302/0301-620X.81B3.9067

R. G. Haaker, Hip navigation using the surgigate system in dysplastic and revision cases. In Navigation and robotics in total joint and spine surgey, chapter 12, pp.97-101, 2003.

S. Genoves, Revaluation of age, stature and sex of the Tepexpan remains, Mexico, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.50, issue.3, pp.5-17, 1960.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330180308

E. T. Jaynes, Probability theory : the logic of science, 2003.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511790423

T. W. Todd, Entrenched negro physical features, Human Biol, issue.1, pp.57-69, 1929.

W. W. Howells, The use of multivariate techniques in the study of skeletal populations, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.6, issue.3, pp.311-315, 1969.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330310306

A. Wierusz-kolowska and . Lempicki, Centering angles of the femoral head and neck in the dysplastic hip, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.60, issue.3, pp.177-186, 1995.

A. Wierusz-kolowska and M. Et-lempicki, Modifications of certain morphologic parameters in radiology of the hip joint, Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol, vol.60, issue.4, pp.295-304, 1995.

W. L. Straus, The humzn ilium : sex and stock, Am J. Phys Anthropol, issue.11, pp.1-28, 1927.