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Accumulation du capital et inégalités : Une approche comparée Chine / Brésil

Abstract : This thesis leads us to wonder about the sustainability of Chinese accumulation, and to point up elements common with Brazil. The accumulation process, both in China and Brazil, is considered through the behaviour of national and foreign firms, and through the socio-economic structures of these two countries. Firstly, we present the historical evolution of China in order to understand the actual situation better. We try to explain why economic development is so different in Brazil and in China, and to this aim, we study their links with capitalism. Then, we point up an important feature common to both Brazilian and Chinese economic situations : the weight of inequalities. This burden of inequalities seems to impede the Brazilian economic growth, meanwhile China still keeps a gross fixed capital formation above 40%. After a study of the historical evolution of productive systems in these countries, we emphasize on the deadlocks to which the accumulation process could lead. To sum up, in this thesis we try to outline, by contrast with the Brazilian economy, the pitfalls towards which China is heading, and we question the analysis according to which “peripheral countries” represent a danger for “central economies”. Far from it, the obstacles the accumulation process could be confronted with, in peripheral as well as in central countries, are caused by the proper characteristics of this very process, and are deeply rooted in the intrinsic functioning of the capitalist mode of production.
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Contributor : Lucie Label <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 19, 2009 - 5:50:51 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:28 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 8:48:43 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00354436, version 1



Mylène Gaulard. Accumulation du capital et inégalités : Une approche comparée Chine / Brésil. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00354436⟩



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