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Les inspecteurs du travail à l'épreuve de l'évaluation des risques : une profession sous tension

Abstract : The present context is one of mutation and uncertainty concerning the public action on the prevention of risks in the workplace. The group of labour inspectors, which is characterized by a large autonomy and the sharing of civic values, is keen on refounding its legitimity, but in this process, it faces difficulties as far as collective training is concerned. These difficulties are linked with the limits of the regulations which control the action of the inspectorate. In that respect, the assessment of risks takes on a heuristic dimension since, with the controversy going on among the inspectors, it unveils the underlying tensions at work within this professional group.Indeed the risk assessment which started to spread massively at the end of the 1990s contributes to questioning the hierarchy of the norms and actors involved in prevention.Those who are at the head of the hierarchy have recently had a managerial type of discourse. Yet they fail to orientate and control the activity of the inspectors who develop little autonomous regulation. This acts as a hindrance to collective trainings which could help the labour inspectorate to rebuild its legitimity.The lack of strategic cooperation between the inspectors and the other actors dealing with the prevention of professional hazards don't help to offset the lack of regulations within the inspectorate .The labour inspectors don't agree on the stakes linked to the assessment of risks. Moreover, following two typical trends, they are also divided on the place which should be devoted to resorting to the law on the one hand (versus the accomodation of rules and collective negociations), and resorting to cooperation on the other, as much within the inspectorate as with the other actors involved in prevention (versus the defence of their autonomy and the adoption of a kingly posture).The inspectors and the other protagonists concerned with the prevention issue can't rely on any legitimate model of action, the absence of which leads the agents of the labour inspectorate to adopt a fallback position.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 16, 2009 - 4:46:44 PM
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Vincent Tiano. Les inspecteurs du travail à l'épreuve de l'évaluation des risques : une profession sous tension. Sociologie. Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00353866⟩

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