Phraséologie et idéologie comparées dans l'art de l'épopée : Homère, chansons de geste, gouslé

Abstract : The term gusle refers to both a musical instrument and the South Slavic epic tradition. Because it has remained alive to this day, this tradition is likely to contribute to the understanding of other epics, by substituting its context for theirs, often lost or incomplete. I present the gusle, their technique, their history and tradition, before moving to a comparison with the Homeric songs and the Chansons de Geste.

This comparison is based on the corpus linguistics and the use of information technology. A corpus containing 3.665.309 words is established for that purpose and its Slavic part is published on the site http://guslarskepesme.com. While following the path traced by Milman Parry and Albert Lord, I propose broadening their concept of formula. I reintroduce the cliché, as a unit including the invariant as well as its variable realization, and aspiring to encompass any recurrence within the poetic language: phraseologic or other. Indeed, my thesis shows a network of links extending not only between the clichés of the same level, but also across different levels, which I explain by a theory of resonance.

The correspondences integrate a typological classification: speeches, place, time, feelings... In addition to this common "morphology", I demonstrate that the three traditions, from the socio-historic point of view, share comparable models of development. Finally, a particularly complex cliché, the device named "Slavic antithesis", is used to examine the monogenetic or polygenetic origin of correspondences.
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Andrej Fajgelj. Phraséologie et idéologie comparées dans l'art de l'épopée : Homère, chansons de geste, gouslé. Littératures. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00351831⟩

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