La gentrification à Paris intra-muros : dynamiques spatiales, rapports sociaux et politiques publiques

Abstract : Gentrification is a particular form of social filtering up that takes place in working-class neighbourhoods in city centres and that transforms buildings. The concept was born in the Anglo-Saxon world and was ignored by French urban researchers for some time. It nevertheless provides a useful insight into most processes of urban and social change that have occurred in Paris in the last decades. In order to take the measure of gentrification in Inner Paris, the present dissertation builds on a rich corpus of statistical data on households and housing since 1982 and on fieldwork in three working-class neighbourhoods. Analyzing the main factors, the rhythm and spatial dynamics of change, I show that Parisian working-class neighbourhoods were deeply transformed by gentrification since the 1980s. I also present the different actors - from uppermiddle- class inhabitants to public policy makers, real estate promoters and storekeepers - with a particular emphasis on the social standing, lifestyle and discourse of gentrifiers. The various levels of analysis combine a comprehensive view of gentrification in Paris with a detailed study of local processes. They also shed light on the coexistence of various social groups in working-class neighbourhoods undergoing gentrification processes. The point of view expressed by the different actors, especially by working-class inhabitants, gives a better sense of the effects gentrification has on the working class, while pointing to the role of public policy in the recapturing of central neighbourhoods by well-to-do inhabitants. This entails a critical analysis of what appears as social mix in working-class neighbourhoods.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 16, 2008 - 6:19:22 PM
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Anne Clerval. La gentrification à Paris intra-muros : dynamiques spatiales, rapports sociaux et politiques publiques. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00347824⟩

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