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Les politiques locales de sécurité en France et en Italie. Une comparaison des Villes de Lyon, Grenoble, Bologne et Modène.

Abstract : The research aims at studying local security policies in France and Italy. It is based on a comparison between four case studies: Lyons, Grenoble, Bologna and Modena. The starting point of the analysis is that the central state steering capacity in the field of public safety governance has been counterbalance, in France as in Italy, by the rise of local authorities along the past fifteen years. Thus, in the dissertation I examine the local security policies implemented by the four municipalities between 1997 and 2006.
In the first part of this work, I explain why municipalities have become protagonists in security policies, i.e. crime prevention. I tend to support that this process results from the conjunction of two dynamics: the rising of a social security demand regarding the regulation of collective places and few attention paid by the central state to certain issues, such as soft crimes and disorders.
In the second part, I present the contents of the four local policies. I show that municipalities keep implementing social prevention, adding different kinds of measures, such as situational prevention, which however do not replace social crime prevention.
In the third part, I examine how “urban security” was institutionalized within the four municipal bureaucracies. I suggest that the main strategy lies in the use of “brokers” in charge of facilitating contact between various actors with antagonistic professional identities (social workers and crime reduction practitioners in order to make them co-operate.
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Contributor : Séverine Germain <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 16, 2008 - 5:13:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 11:16:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00347798, version 1

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Séverine Germain. Les politiques locales de sécurité en France et en Italie. Une comparaison des Villes de Lyon, Grenoble, Bologne et Modène.. Science politique. Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00347798⟩

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