Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Elaboration et caractérisation de films minces Cr2+:ZnSe nanostructurés pour la fabrication de microlasers émettant dans le moyen infrarouge.

Abstract : Mid-infrared (mid-IR) laser sources have important potential applications in remote sensing, vibrational spectroscopy, trace detection, and medicine. Among the transition metal doped II-VI compound semiconductors studied for room-temperature (RT) operated broadly tunable mid-IR laser sources it has been pointed that Cr2+:ZnSe seems to be the highly favourable laser system in the 2000-3000 nm.
In order to develop a compact electrically pumping mid-IR laser, Cr2+:ZnSe films have been grown on glass, [100]-Si and [100]-GaAs substrates at room-temperature by radiofrequency magnetron co-sputtering of a silica target covered with ZnSe and chromium chips, under Argon pressure.
Whatever the chosen substrate, the films crystallize in the cubic zinc-blende structure and exhibit a columnar growth with preferential orientation along the <111> direction. Combined analysis of RX data was used to solve simultaneously the texture, the structure (% of cubic and hexagonal phase of ZnSe), the microstructure (anisotropic crystallite size, twin faults) and the residual stress of the deposited films. Photoluminescence (PL) experiments reveal that the shape of PL spectra are comparable to that reported for bulk materials, indicating that chromium is incorporated in the optically active Cr2+ state. The intensity of the mid-IR emission (2000-3000 nm) and the corresponding fluorescence lifetime have been studied at various temperatures as a function of chromium concentration under direct (1.85 µm) and indirect (458-514 nm) excitations. The optimization of the deposition parameters leads to films emitting maximum mid-IR PL intensity.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00347093
Contributor : Nicolas Vivet <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 9, 2009 - 4:18:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 9:45:13 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 5:05:05 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00347093, version 1

Citation

Nicolas Vivet. Elaboration et caractérisation de films minces Cr2+:ZnSe nanostructurés pour la fabrication de microlasers émettant dans le moyen infrarouge.. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université de Caen, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00347093⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

717

Files downloads

21655