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Theses

LES POINTS - DE - RÉSEAUX COMME FORMES URBAINES.
Morphogenèse et enjeux de conception

Abstract : The planning of technical networks has widely ignored the "network-points", which have often been given a minor place compared to moving elements (flux, vehicles). These points have in fact many different uses: they are both functional ways of exit and entrance or connection, places that provide services, public areas and links between networks and territories. They are essential for the network to operate properly ; they are key elements of the territorial System as well.
The network-points design depends on many heterogeneous logics (each actor's rationale is different and doctrines often change) and is also dependant on the diversity of urban settings. Two empirical studies (following a more theoretical approach) carry out that the resulting pattems can be guided and regulated in spite of the difficultés related to this situation. The first case study deals with bus connection in Paris suburbs, the second one explores (from 1905 till now) the rules of gas stations' design and planning. These case studies especially show that the regulation (based upon institutional, organisational and architectural means) is achieved by combining different types of architectural elements, so that some parts of the network-points can vary while the whole shape is kept.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00345093, version 1

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Agnès Sander. LES POINTS - DE - RÉSEAUX COMME FORMES URBAINES.
Morphogenèse et enjeux de conception. Géographie. Université Paris XII Val de Marne, 1995. Français. ⟨tel-00345093⟩

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