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Incorporation des métaux dans les œufs de la seiche commune Sepia officinalis et effets potentiels sur les fonctions digestives et immunitaires

Abstract : The common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis makes large reproductive migrations in spring to mate and spawn in coastal waters. The eggs are laid in shallow waters and are therefore likely subjected to the anthropogenic contaminations leading to potential toxicity effects of metals during the embryonic development. In this study, cuttlefish eggs revealed efficient accumulation capacities following exposure to 9 dissolved radiotracers (110mAg, 241Am, 109Cd, 57Co, 134Cs, 203Hg, 54Mn, 210Pb and 65Zn) all along the development time. In this context, the eggshell played a key role in the accumulation process, as the greatest fraction of most of these elements remained associated with its glycoproteic components. The radiotracers distribution showed that the eggshell acts as an efficient shield against trace element penetration during organogenesis, i.e. during the first month of development. A selective permeability of the eggshell appeared during the last stages of the development, i.e when the embryo growth began until hatching. The trace element capacities to diffuse through the eggshell seemed to be dependent of their chemical properties and of the biological processes of the embryogenesis. Thus, metals could be accumulated in the embryo with various affinities (i.e. Ag >> Zn > Hg > Mn > Co ≈ Cd > 134Cs ≠ 241Am, Pb).
All along the development time, the exposure of the eggs to Ag, Cd and Cu (1, 0.5 and 250 µg.l-1, respectively) in experimental conditions showed no effect on the egg growth and did not induce abnormalities or mortality in embryos, confirming the protective role of the eggshell during organogenesis. However, during the last developmental stages, Ag and Cd reduced the acid phosphatase activities, which are involved in the digestive processes, whereas Cu acted as an activator. Moreover, phenoloxidase-like activity, which is here reported in the embryo for the first time, was modulated during the post-organogenesis phase, following exposure to dissolved Ag and Cu.
Despite the protective role of the eggshell during the organogenesis, trace elements would be accumulated in the embryo during the first developmental stages following their maternal transfer in the egg. In this context, radiotracers technique highlighted that the maternal transfer was a selective way, 1) with only Ag, Se and Zn being transferred following a dietary exposure of the female to 110mAg, 241Am, 109Cd, 60Co, 134Cs, 54Mn, 75Se and 65Zn, and 2) Se and Zn being incorporated in the vitellus whereas Ag was found in similar proportions in the vitellus and in the eggshell.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00339245
Contributor : Thomas Lacoue-Labarthe <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 17, 2008 - 1:49:51 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 9:34:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, June 7, 2010 - 8:40:52 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00339245, version 1

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Thomas Lacoue-Labarthe. Incorporation des métaux dans les œufs de la seiche commune Sepia officinalis et effets potentiels sur les fonctions digestives et immunitaires. Physiologie [q-bio.TO]. Université de La Rochelle, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00339245⟩

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