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Interactions Tectonique, Erosion, Sédimentation dans les avant-pays de chaînes : Modélisation analogique et étude des piémonts de l'est du Tian Shan (Asie centrale)

Abstract : The evolution of mountain belt piedmont is controlled by interactions between tectonics, erosion and sedimentation. To study coupling between these processes, we analyze morphometric data collected in the eastern Tian Shan piedmont (NW China) and develop a new analogue modelling technique. The modeling approach uses an experimental set-up and analog material specifically designed to study simultaneously tectonic structures (faults, folds), detailed morphology (drainage basins, channels, alluvial fans, etc.) and stratified sedimentation. Measurement techniques based on laser interferometry and image correlation are also developed to quantify the topographic and kinematic evolution of models.
Our experiments allow a new approach for the study of piedmont morphotectonic evolution. Our results indicate that tectonics mainly controls this evolution. The propagation of deformation and the formation of relief both significantly influence the development of drainage networks, the evolution of drainage basins and the formation of morphotectonic markers. Particularly, a study of alluvial fans and watershed metrics suggests that there is a dynamical equilibrium between uplift, erosion and morphology. In addition, our results show that terrace nucleation is controlled by thrust activity and hydrography adjustments. Folding of terraces responds to a homothetic deformation pattern.
This new methodology brings promising perspectives in the fields of geomorphology, seismotectonics and sedimentology.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00339145
Contributor : Fabien Graveleau <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 17, 2008 - 6:55:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:14:41 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 22, 2010 - 10:55:22 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00339145, version 2

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Fabien Graveleau. Interactions Tectonique, Erosion, Sédimentation dans les avant-pays de chaînes : Modélisation analogique et étude des piémonts de l'est du Tian Shan (Asie centrale). Géomorphologie. Université Montpellier II - Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00339145v2⟩

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