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La transformation des protopartis. Conditions, déductions, applications

Abstract : Our objective is to frame a set of logical conditions to determine causal explanations of the transformation of proto-parties. Then we deduce from it the whole possible explicative hypotheses and validate the relevant ones through an empirical research. As a result, we can explain why a social movement decides and enters the electoral arena. Relying on the philosophy of cognitive sciences we develop an instrumentalist and causal epistemology. We assume that these theoretical postulates induce good explanations of social and political processes. Drawing on these assumptions we first build a logical model of causal explanation that consists in five rules: the multiplicity of causal poles (individual, organization, context), of functions (production, selection, authorization, predisposition), of levels (directly or indirectly tied to the effect), the diversity of theoretical explanations (reasons, dispositional laws) and the multiplicity of causes for each function (1). In the second section we follow these rules to select and adapt concepts from social movements literature and social cognitive psychology in order to build a theoretical model that is consistent with the peculiarities of the transformation of proto-parties (2). Then we use this model to explain the transformation of Marc Sangnier's youth movement, called the Sillon (1899-1910) into a political party. These young French Catholics wish to reconcile the Church and the Republic and to found the “Genuine Democracy” on Christian moral forces (3). Finally we value the results of this research from both a sociological and an epistemological point of view and we make propositions about new relations between Political Science, History and Nature.
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Contributor : Armelle Jézéquel <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 17, 2008 - 8:47:01 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 2:42:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, June 7, 2010 - 9:32:04 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00339136, version 1



Rodolphe Gouin. La transformation des protopartis. Conditions, déductions, applications. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux; Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00339136⟩



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