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Un désert cosmopolite. Migrations de transit dans la région d'Agadez (Sahara nigérien)

Abstract : Since the early 1990's there has been a significant migration of people, from various cultures and countries, streaming across Niger's Sahara desert, consequently “transforming” it. To spite the restricting, often hindering polices imposed by the Maghreb States, which does lessen what would be an even greater migration, people continue arriving and departing. Travelers from all parts of the continent, regardless of difficulties, both physical and political in nature, migrate to North Africa for few months or few years.
These migrations flowing in and out of the desert region surrounding Agadez are the main dynamic that transforms the area. Besides forging a new Saharan geography, they also connect various cultures creating a diversity that is the very essence of cosmopolitanism. The study of these migrations and the desert routes they utilize reveals how it effects the travelers themselves and their relationship to each other, as well as the geography of the region. It is a process of change that occurs also during the journey as much as upon destination.
In the context of identical tension and the refusal of otherness, the constant migratory flow of these travelers in Niger's region around Agadez, is a dynamic of globalization “from the bottom”, yet renders the place cosmopolitan.
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Contributor : Julien Brachet <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2009 - 7:40:21 PM
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Julien Brachet. Un désert cosmopolite. Migrations de transit dans la région d'Agadez (Sahara nigérien). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00339059v2⟩



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