représentativité des échantillons et représentation des usages : l'apport des enquêtes en population générale à la compréhension des usages de drogues

Abstract : Since the early 80's, there have been significant changes in the representations and meanings of the drugs field. This contextual development plays a role in the way drugs uses are measured: they moved from a single phenomenon measure perspective to a description of different patterns. Such an advancement must be replaced in the evolution from a paradigm in which licit and illicit drugs are opposed, to a global addiction model where behaviours takes a greater place than substances. Those patterns were possible to measure thanks to general population surveys. The methodological issues on those surveys are considered through their interaction with the representations of drugs uses. Because they reduce information, such surveys are often critcized by those who laud the comprehensive approaches. Those surveys remain nevertheless reliable and relevant, especially if they integrate a qualitative dimension. The development of such surveys has led to an increase of figures in the public debate, sometimes by endowing the different argumentations with an evidence base appearance.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00338155
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 11, 2008 - 6:10:50 PM
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François Beck. représentativité des échantillons et représentation des usages : l'apport des enquêtes en population générale à la compréhension des usages de drogues. Sociologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00338155⟩

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