Dynamique des savoirs et des savoir-faire dans un contexte pluriculturel.
Étude comparative des activités littorales au Gabon

Abstract : Coasts are ecological as well as human interface spaces. Always populated or travelled through by peoples with different cultures and different languages, they are places where knowledge, know-how and symbolic representations are in constant tension. My PhD research, mainly based on fieldwork carried out in Gabon, has a double vocation: to enhance the understanding of interrelations between man and coast and in between human communities sharing this same environment, and to contribute to the reflection on the way populations acquire, adopt and share knowledge.
To a greater extent, through this concrete case study, the issue of knowledge and know-how dynamics in environmental terms is tackled.
Along the Gabon coast, indigenous populations and migrant communities live side by side and, together, build constantly changing life spaces. My research within this multicultural space allowed me to note disruptions, discrepancies, or elusive changes in the knowledge and practices of individuals and communities. I brought to light diverse cultural dynamics that are effective according to technical and identity criteria: loan, loan refusal, rehabilitation, knowledge transfer from one community to another, innovation, etc.
Beyond the study of the relationship between man and coast, through a fine contextualisation of the practice and the learning of a dozen cultural objects studied more specifically, I identified factors internal and external to the communities, generating change not only in knowledge and know-how, but also in their transmission modes. Assisted by factor analyses, my data then led me to reach the final hypothesis that changes and their causes are closely connected to the social, technical, ecological and symbolic contexts that fundamentally define each type of knowledge.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 9, 2009 - 6:23:55 AM
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Catherine Sabinot. Dynamique des savoirs et des savoir-faire dans un contexte pluriculturel.
Étude comparative des activités littorales au Gabon. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00326566⟩

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