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La localisation des activités productives : les tensions entre forces centrifuges et forces centripètes.

Abstract : We wonder, with the NEG framework, about the empirical validityof some number of explanotory factors of the activities spatial distribution (local labour cost, competition costs, location of the final demand, the transport cost etc.). our results, founded by means of various simulations in a context of regional integration process within the PVD, suggest that firms seem to realize an arbitrage between agglomeration (increasing returns due to the market size effect) and dispersion (due to the weaker labour costs). We model, in particular, the advantage of the coastal regions compared with the internal regions in the trade with the rest of the world. This report is particularly true in the Mediterranean south shore which is characterized by an exessive littoral economic and demographic activity. It seems that beyond the international opening policies revealings by Krugman and Elizondo (1996), regional endowment in term of infrastrucutres of transport has certain impact on he degree and the efficiency of the spatial concentration within the PVD. The great second result of this study is that tendency in the redeployment of the activities of great urban poles towards the zones of lesser density confirms with the consideration of centrifugal forces. Indeed, this extension directly influences the production function of firms and drives to a more equal distribution of the economic activity between two regions. Therefore, the long term equilibrium possibilities are wider with the congestion costs consideration.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 1, 2008 - 5:40:53 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00326119, version 1



Yassine Mansouri. La localisation des activités productives : les tensions entre forces centrifuges et forces centripètes.. Economies et finances. Université du Sud Toulon Var, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00326119⟩



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