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Fontaine atomique double de césium et de rubidium avec une exactitude de quelques 10^-16 et applications

Abstract : Atomic fountains are the most accomplished development of the atomic clocks based on the cesium atom whose hyperfine resonance defines the SI second since 1967. Today these systems are among those which realize the second with the best accuracy. We present the last developments of the cold cesium and rubidium atom dual fountain experiment at LNE-SYRTE. This unique dual setup would allow to obtain an outstanding resolution in fundamental physics tests based on atomic transition frequency comparisons. In order to enable operation with both atomic species simultaneously, we designed, tested and implemented on the fountain new collimators which combine the laser lights corresponding to each atom. By comparing our rubidium fountain to another cesium fountain over a decade, we performed a test of the stability of the fine structure constant at the level of 5E-16 per year. We carried on the work on the clock accuracy and we focused on the phase gradients effects in the interrogation cavity and on the microwave leakage. The fountain accuracy has been evaluated to 4E-16 for the cesium clock and to 5E-16 for the refurbished rubidium clock. As a powerful instrument of metrology, our fountain was implicated in many clock comparisons and contributed many times to calibrate the International Atomic Time. Furthermore, we used the fountain to perform a new test of Lorentz local invariance.
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Contributor : Frédéric Chapelet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 9, 2008 - 5:17:01 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 9:45:51 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00319950, version 1


Frédéric Chapelet. Fontaine atomique double de césium et de rubidium avec une exactitude de quelques 10^-16 et applications. Physique Atomique [physics.atom-ph]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00319950⟩



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