LE RECOURS A LA JEUNESSE DANS L'ESPACE POLITIQUE LOCAL. LES CONSEILS DE JEUNES EN ALSACE.

Abstract : Following their furtive emergence in the 1960ies, children and youth town councils have develloped in France mostly since the 1980ies. This phenomenon has been studied from the sociological point of view, referring to Pierre BOURDIEU's systematic theory of the habitus and the field. Through the analysis of the representations and the characteristics of 75 agents issuing from the local political field, to put in place youth councils is demonstrated as being political strategies and are, therefore, submitted to some determinisms depending on their reference space. The representations of the agents about youth councils relate to antagonistic models homologically connected to their political adherences. They are also determined by their age and their relationship with children and youth in their family, professional and association life. The social meaning of the political recourse to youth is to be related to the crisis of politics which is perceptible through the increasing abstentionism, the distrust of people towards politicians, and the rise of the Front National. Thus the establishment of youth councils appears as a search, by the local representatives, for an increase in their representativity and for a reinforcement of the established political order and of the democratic values from which their legitimity derives. Children and youth, owing to their political innocence, may avoid criticism to the representatives who set them up and may incarnate political commitment in its noblest form. This strategy is all the more efficient as it denies its political stake. Under the cover of teaching citizenship, youth councils realise a sensibilisation to the elementary rules of political game and to their acceptation. The promoters of youth councils only duplicate existing forms of democracy although they sometimes think they invent new forms.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00319221, version 1

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Michel Koebel. LE RECOURS A LA JEUNESSE DANS L'ESPACE POLITIQUE LOCAL. LES CONSEILS DE JEUNES EN ALSACE.. Sociologie. Université Marc Bloch - Strasbourg II, 1997. Français. ⟨tel-00319221⟩

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