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Nature en politique : Mutations. sociologie du travail scientifique dans le projet de Parc National en Guyane Française (1930-2007).

Abstract : This research sheds light on how and why the politicization of nature leads to think of a new boundary between nature and culture. This study has been carried out thanks to the elaboration process of the French Guyana national park created in 2007. We are going to use Latoure's approach of social studies of science in order to understand the position of scientific research in this elaboration. Thanks to the bonds it makes between different elements of reality, it can build objects of research. The significance of our work is to pay attention to these objects of research when they turn into political objects within the project of the park. Thus, we will analyse the elements which trigger the political action process. Finally, this research shows that the politicization of nature brings about transformations be it in nature itself or in the elaboration of its collective approach. From then on, a tension can be found between two ontologies which define a type of relation to nature as described by Descola : the naturalistic ontology used by the Western countries and the analogical ontology targeted by the people of the park. The level of health mirrors this tension. It is in itself a link between nature and culture since it deals with human biology. From then on, it plays an important part in the creation of the Guyana national park.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00315295
Contributor : Maëlle Ranoux <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 27, 2008 - 9:59:50 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:12:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 3, 2010 - 5:43:22 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00315295, version 1

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Maëlle Ranoux. Nature en politique : Mutations. sociologie du travail scientifique dans le projet de Parc National en Guyane Française (1930-2007).. Sociologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00315295⟩

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