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L'internet : mesures des appropriations d'une technique intellectuelle

Abstract : We first show how informatics and the Internet transform writing: code and media are now separate, text extends to computer programs, sounds and images. Lists, figures and hypertext are easier to realize, but dealing with the tools of this extended writing needs new knowledges, which also contribute to our intellectual abilities.

These interactions between media, signs and psyche are not new. Jack Goody and Pierre Bourdieu already studied them. For the case of the Internet, we detail the relationships between writing and production of science.

We present two surveys where researchers in social sciences and humanities witness the way digital scholarship edition transforms scientific argumentation and circulation of knowledge. The social and intellectual costs of such an involvement is high, but the result is a better undestanding of relationships between mental tools and technologies, and symbolic aspects of academic economy.

Then, we give an internal proof of the reflexivity of writing. We study huge digital lists produced by half a million of persons (search engine requests). We show that we cannot deal with these lists without specific tools, and that these tools help to see unknown facts, for instance linguistic ones. We show that social studies can be realized with such digital lists. We are then invited to question the dependancy of sociology concepts towards writing.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00294711
Contributor : Éric Guichard <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 10, 2008 - 11:58:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 29, 2020 - 3:01:26 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 28, 2010 - 11:22:55 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00294711, version 1

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Éric Guichard. L'internet : mesures des appropriations d'une technique intellectuelle. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2002. Français. ⟨tel-00294711⟩

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