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Theses

Effet de l'activité physique et du régime diététique sur une population de grands obèses à court et à long terme

Abstract : This study deals with the comparison of different training protocols for healthy severe obese subjects in terms of body weight and body composition, physiological and health related enhancement parameters. All subjects participated in an integrated body mass eduction program (duration: 3 weeks), consisting in: a) energy-restricted diet, b) nutritional education, c) psychological counseling, d) exercise training. All tests were performed the day before the beginning of the integrated program and repeated after 3 weeks (end of the first intervention phase of the program) and once again during a day hospital organized 1 y after the beginning of the treatment. These are the major findings of this research: 1) all behavioral interventions structured in this study provided positive effects at short-term for weight loss and body composition, physiological and health parameters and at the long-term for weight-maintenance; the studied interventions had a positive effect on lifestyle modification because inactive obese subjects had increase their physical activity level (PAL); 2) 30 min of moderate aerobic exercise 5 days/week has been well tolerated during a low caloric diet and it is the PAL we suggest to maintain; 3) strength training has been an important component of the weight loss program at short-term to enhance maximal strength but has not allowed to preserve fat free mass; 4) an increase in intensity has not been necessary at the short-term, since it has not determined any advantages. At the end of this study we can conclude that in our opinion the greatest obesity challenge is to find how to obtain a permanent lifestyle modification for obese subjects
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00293704
Contributor : Laurence Leroux <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 7, 2008 - 1:51:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 11:23:49 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 28, 2010 - 11:13:00 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00293704, version 1

Citation

Christel Galvani. Effet de l'activité physique et du régime diététique sur une population de grands obèses à court et à long terme. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Université Rennes 2, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00293704⟩

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